Roscommon Herald Articles (1-85)

This is the first page of the collected Roscommon Herald Articles. I begin with an Irish Roots article I wrote describing the process of getting the articles from microfilm to the Internet.

Irish Roots article

Local newspapers: the hidden archive

Caoimhghin ” CroidheŠin

Have you been researching so long that you are beginning to run out of resources, archives and even ideas? I had been researching my family history for some years and was coming to a standstill. Like many researchers I was having difficulty finding information on the members of my family (Cryan) who lived during the nineteenth century. The Cryan surname is historically concentrated around the north Co. Roscommon / south Co. Sligo area. My great great grandfather John Cryan taught in Croghan National School near Boyle, Co. Roscommon. I knew that he started work there in 1888 and that he died in 1905 so I decided to systematically read all the Roscommon Heralds between those years to see if I could glean any information about him or his family. Such work would probably not be considered by someone starting out in his or her family history research but in my case I had exhausted many different archives and now had the time to start on a bigger project. As I read the papers on microfilm in the National Library I noted all references to the surname, as I knew such information could become important at a later date if different Cryan families were linked up. This research has produced 125 articles to date. The whole process of bringing the articles from microfilm to the Internet is somewhat convoluted but worth explaining in some detail for those who might consider doing such work on their own names. I usually spend around 2 hours at a time in the National Library in Dublin looking through the microfilmed Roscommon Heralds. It takes me that amount of time to go through 6 months of the weekly newspaper. After taking note of all articles, obituaries, court cases, advertisements, drawings and photographs etc where the name Cryan or any variants (e.g. Crean and Crehan) are mentioned, I type up a list and post it to the Roscommon library. The references are then photocopied for me from the microfilm by the wonderful and helpful staff there. I then send the copies to volunteer typists from the Cryan mailing list who type the articles and email them back to me. This allows me to check them over and number them. I then put them on the Cryan mailing list (which has about 100 members). The emails are then saved to a file that I eventually put in an archive on my own website to be made available to neophytes. The articles range from the comic to the tragic. For example on 18 August 1889 in a report of the Boyle Petty Sessions the police charged Joseph Connolly and Batty Cryan of Breedogue, with "fighting on the public street on the fair day" in an article entitled A Row about "Poteen." This was Batty's version of the story: ""Well," he says, "you thief and you robber, are you going to pay me for the "poteen" whiskey you stole from me?" I never stole any "poteen" from him. He said he would take my life if I would not pay him for the "poteen" whiskey. He had a dreadful weapon of a stick in his hand. I struck him a nice little blow of a stick just to keep him quiet (laughter)." Similarly, serious events like a murder trial were reported with the same level of verisimilitude. In an article from 23 December, 1882 on the Connaught Winter Assizes entitled Charge Of Murder it was reported: "John Cryan, examined by Sergeant Robinson, said - I left the October fair of Boyle with James Cryan, Thomas and Winifred Cryan. After we had gone a short distance out of the town we saw some men on the road before us. When we came near to them a man named Toolan said he was about to be beaten on his brother-in-law's account. Toolan and a man named McGowan then had a squabble and the deceased came up just then. When he came up Thomas Kennedy struck him on the back of the head and knocked him down. Kennedy then said - "I gave him that, and long I watched for him". I did not see any blow struck but one, and after receiving that blow Hunt spoke a word. Winifred Cryan said to the prisoner "O Thomas, what is that you have done."" In the end, Thomas Kennedy was found guilty of manslaughter of Thomas Hunt and sentenced to five years penal servitude. While on the subject of death, the committed genealogist could come across an obituary of an ancestor with the following information at the end of the description of the funeral: "The chief mourners were - Mrs. M. Cryan (wife), P., J., M.J., B.T., and J. Cryan (sons), M., M.E., and A.E. Cryan (daughters), Mr. P. Cryan, Newtownforbes, and Mr. B. Cryan, Ballinamore (brothers); Mr. P. Kerins, Ballymote (uncle); Mr. J. Dennedy (nephew); M. Dennedy, Dublin (niece); J. Kerins, J. Davey, A. Flynn, J. Benson, J. Flanagan, P. Davey, A. Walsh, P. Cosgrove, B. Flynn (cousins). Rev. Canon Loftus officiated at the grave. - R.I.P." [from October 18 1902, Death And Funeral Of Mr. Michael Cryan, Ballymote (Co. Sligo)]. In one fell swoop we have sons, daughters, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins and a grand collection of townlands and new extended family names to research. On a lighter note, what was your ancestor like at, say, football? Sports hyperbole was no different in the 'noughties' of the twentieth century. The following is from the edition of 23 September 1901: "Football Boyle v Carrick-On-Shannon [...] The Carrick forwards made some good rushes, but the backs, Cryan and Cregg, seemed impenetrable. The latter appeared a bit off colour during the first quarter of an hour, but pulled up for it well subsequently, as he along with Cryan played a most determined and scientific game." Or, maybe your ancestor played an important part in a major local event and you never heard through the family grapevine? For example, on the 14 December 1901 a "Terrific Blaze in Boyle" was reported: "Big Premises Gutted. One of the most disastrous conflagrations ever witnessed in Boyle took place at an early hour on last Sunday morning, when the extensive business establishment of Mr. W. J. Sloan, one of the leading merchants in these parts, was completely gutted and destroyed. […] The following, in addition to those mentioned above, assisted at the work of quenching the fire - Sergeant Hadlock, Corporal Cryan, Privates Cryan […]." In fact, in this case, the event had not yet reached into the family mythology of Maureen McCourt Nantista of Huntington, NY who was delighted to read about her great-grandfather, Corporal Michael Cryan, in the above and other Roscommon Herald articles. While marriage notices were not so common then, when they were inserted they contained plenty of genealogical information. One such notice was published on 13 Sep1902 as follows: "Boyle Marriages Cryan and Devine - On September 2nd at St Francis Xavier's church, Gardiner St, Dublin, with Nuptial Mass, Mr. John Cryan, merchant of Bridge St, Boyle was married to Miss Eleanor, Mary (May) Devine, second eldest daughter of Mr. Fitzmaurice Devine, merchant, Ballyfarnon, Co Roscommon. The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev George J Coyle PP, Highwood, assisted by Very Rev Canon B R Coyne PP VF, Boyle, and the Very Rev Fr Conmee SJ." Politics also played an important part in the lives of the people at that time. The controversy surrounding Charles Stewart Parnell and his affair with Kitty O'Shea had local ripples. At a public meeting a row broke out which became the subject of a Crimes Act Court held at Carrick-on-Shannon and reported on 11 April 1891. According to Constable Irwin, Robert Cryan, a member of the County Council, was waving his hat and cheering for Parnell while Canon Hoare was trying to speak. The mention of Kitty's name was too much for some: "When Canon Hoare was speaking, some one on the platform said "Kitty O'Shea." Paddy McManus shouted " Not another word" and then in the din of the confusion set up again. He saw McDermott, Cryan, and the McManus's at the breaking up of the platform, and their conduct was bad. The priests then held the meeting in the chapel-yard, and the Drumshambo people brought down Parnell's banner, and placed it before the chapel door and commenced groaning, shouting and whistling." Robert Cryan was punished for his activism. A vote for his expulsion from the County Council "was seconded 'una voce' by eleven Nationalists and warmly endorsed by a ringing cheer from hundreds outside." Out of the 125 articles posted on the mailing list (so far) only 4 articles referred to my family directly. However, their significance made the long hours worthwhile. Both John Cryan, my great great grandfather, and his daughter Mary J. Cryan were members of the Boyle Teachers' Association which had regular meetings reported by The Roscommon Herald. One report of 24 October, 1896 noted John Cryan's retirement and another of 8 February, 1902 noted the death of one of his sons. The most significant of all was the discovery of a long obituary article about Mary J. Cryan published on 22 March, 1902 which reported that "her remains were interred in the family sepulchre at Eastersnow" cemetery. I had made many disappointing field trips over the years to the cemeteries around Croghan so you can imagine my delight with this discovery. The obituary also mentioned cousins with the names of Lowe and Eardley, which was also new information to me. The significance of old local newspapers for genealogical research lies not just in their range of local stories and events, e.g. obituaries and court cases, but also in the style of reporting which would not be entertained in local papers today. Court cases were reported verbatim so one could have the actual words of an ancestor in your collection and almost all the names of everyone who attended a meeting, funeral or public gathering were mentioned. You didn't have to do much for your 15 minutes of fame in those days. Indeed, the odd report on a political gathering would provide a good alternative to a local census. Similarly, drawings of the local people appeared on the front of most issues from the early 1880s to the 1900s. I have collected 17 drawings of Cryans and scanned them to my website. Photographs were rare enough but I have found a few of the local Cryans. The significance of such photographs and drawings lies in the possibility that they may be the only ones in existence of these people. A nice surprise if one turns out to be your great great grandfather! There were also advertisements for Cryan's pub in Boyle, a pub still carrying that name in the centre of the town. Ultimately, it would be ideal if the articles could be published in book form illustrated with the ads, drawings and photographs. Such a book, I believe would be unique in Irish genealogical research. While the market may appear to be small it would have universal appeal in that it would demonstrate the variety and style of material to be found in Irish local newspapers. The idea could be developed by setting up projects whereby the papers could be gleaned for references to all names and illustrations which would then be put on a website. The current local newspaper titles could be encouraged to invest in such work on their historical antecedents as a way of publicising their newspapers and encouraging others to see them as "newspapers of record". At least by then, we will have gone some way in making up for the disastrous losses of genealogical information which covered the nineteenth century.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 1

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing

29 November 1890

Politics in Carrick

On Wednesday night last a meeting was held in the League room, Carrick-on-Shannon for the purpose of re-organizing the defunct Branch of the League. Mr George McCann presided. There were also present-Messrs John Fox, P. L. G., Timothy Murray, John Guckian, R. J. Cryan, James Kelly, Denis Cassidy, Thomas Mulheran, John Watters, J. Carter, M. Hunt, Owen Brennan, James Noone. Mr Cryan read the following: “43 O’Connell Street Upper Dublin, 17th Nov., 1890. “Dear Sir–I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, the spirit of which does you infinite credit. I would suggest that a half dozen of the people would wait on the priests of the parish and ask them to co-operate in re-organizing the Branch of the League. A meeting should then be called for the purpose of enrolling members. As soon as the parish is sufficiently organized notice should be given that an election of officers and committee would take place in which no person could take part without having qualified by the payment of his subscription in accordance with the rules, copies of which I enclose herewith. As soon as I hear that a provisional committee is formed, and a secretary pro tem appoinsary. In conclusion let me point out that it ted (?) ...I shall forward whatever number of cards of membership is thought necessary …is most essential that the priests of the parish should co-operate in the formation of the Branch as it is a guarantee to the Organizing Committee that the business of the Branch will be conducted in a proper and efficient manner.- Yours faithfully, D. J. Hishon.” Mr Cryan complained of the shopkeepers of Carrick absenting themselves after being summoned to attend here to-night. Things were getting too bad now-a-days when those shopkeepers refused to join in the National ranks, and refused to give their co-operation in forwarding the National movement. They were too aristocratic to be seen in the company with tradesmen, but such flunkeyism should not be tolerated. He hoped his action in the matter met with their approval. Mr Murray said that their presence to-night showed that the League, though dormant for a time, was not as Balfour said, “a thing of the past.” He regretted that there was not a fuller attendance of townspeople present. The country responded nobly to the call of duty, and he predicted that their meeting to-night augured well for the success of the branch. Mr Kelly–I endorse every word that has been said, and I hold that it behoves every man worthy of the name of an Irishman to stand by his country in this crisis. Mr Murray–It is for a common object we are assembled here to-night, and every man in town should put his shoulder to the wheel. Messrs Kelly, Watters, Fox, Cryan and Cassidy were appointed as delegates to wait on the townspeople Tuesday to enrol themselves in the League. Mr Watters asked to be excused, as he collected for the Tenants’ Defence funds last year. Mr Cassidy–There will be no flunkyism here. Let no one be afraid of the police, or have any cowardice about them. Mr Kelly–This is not the time for cowardice. We can snap our fingers at the police. Delegates were also appointed for the country districts.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 2

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing

18 August 1889

Boyle Petty Sessions. A Row about “Poteen.”

The police charged Joseph Connolly and Batty Cryan of Breedogue, with fighting on the public street on the fair day. The defendants had cross-cases against each other. Mr McDermott appeared for Connolly and Mr McMorrow for Cryan. Cryan was sworn and said – I was in Mr Leyland’s in a little room off the shop. I went to the right, and Connolly came in, and sat on the left at another table. “Well,” he says, “you thief and you robber, are you going to pay me for the “poteen” whiskey you stole from me?” I never stole any “poteen” from him. He said he would take my life if I would not pay him for the “poteen” whiskey. He had a dreadful weapon of a stick in his hand. I struck him a nice little blow of a stick just to keep him quiet (laughter). Mr John Leyland ordered him out, and told him he was always a great annoyance in the shop. I went out, and told three policemen he was after me. They said that they were not on duty, but would tell me where there was a policeman on duty. I went down to Mr Phillip’s, and came back before the policeman. Connolly struck me on the arm with a stick. I had a little ashplant, and only I defended myself he would take my life. To Mr McDermott–I was sober; I admit I struck the first blow in the room. A boy named John Beirne deposed that he saw Joe Connolly hit Batty Cryan a “skelp” of a stick. He saw Cryan defend himself. Joe Connolly was examined and said he had some drink taken that day. After some little arguments in Leyland’s, Cryan struck him, and he came back and made a second attempt to strike him. To Mr McMorrow–I had a grudge against Cryan; I don’t like him to tell you honestly (laughter). Mr McMorrow–Is that because he appropriated your “poteen”? Mr Webb–He is not bound to answer (laughter). Pat Gara was examined, and admitted that Connolly began the argument and Cryan struck first. Mr Webb said in consideration of the provocation, they dismissed both cases.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 3

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing

7 April 1888

Keash Branch (Co. Sligo)

–At the meeting held on Sunday last, Mr Luke Hannon, V. P., occupied the chair. He said they all had reason to lament the sudden death of Andrew Cryan, the youngest member of their committee, who was snatched away so suddenly. Few amongst them had done more than he to serve the National cause. He joined the band at the age of sixteen years, and soon became the leading player. He was always ready at the shortest notice wherever the services of the band were required. He thought they could all congratulate themselves on the orderly way the funeral arrangements were carried out. It was a respectable sight to see. 100 of his brother Nationalists, all young men, wearing white and green scarves, marching in processional order, paying him their last tribute of respect by convoying his remains to their last resting place in Templevanny. The following resolution was passed by the committee: – ‘That we avail ourselves of this our earliest opportunity in expressing our sincere regret for the death of Andrew Cryan, one of our respected committee, that we tender to his sorrowing father, brothers and sisters our deep sympathy in their grief and trouble.’



Roscommon Herald Articles No 4

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing

3 March 1888

The Morals of Boyle Workhouse

The Sworn Inquiry On Monday last Capt, Sampson, Local Government Board Inspector, held a sworn inquiry in the boardroom of Boyle workhouse regarding the scandal connected with the birth of an illegitimate child by a woman named Anne Cryan, who has been an inmate for eleven years, and who alleged that the schoolmaster was the father. Dr. Stafford, J. P., Rev. C. O’Malley, P. P….and the following guardians, Messers P. Mullany, J. Lindsay of Candon and J. Mulrooney were present during the proceedings. Annie Cryan was sworn and said–I have been an inmate of Boyle workhouse for 11 years outside the 3rd April next, I have not been out of the house on any occasion for the last six years; I was confined of a child on the 1st February.; the father is Mr Conway, the schoolmaster; it occurred in May last; I am not certain about the time; it was about the first week. It occurred in the schoolroom in the afternoon about between 6 and 7 o’clock. It occurred twice but not on the same day. When was the first occasion? – In May; I could not give the date; there was about a week between. The second occurrence took place in the evening about the same hour. How did you get to the schoolroom? – He asked me up. I was in the hall after giving out the milk for the suppers. I was in the hall. He asked me would I go up to the schoolroom, that he wanted me. I went up. I did not know at that time the purpose he wanted me for. He said nothing but took a hold of me. I made no resistance. I came out to the infirm ward for old women that I belong to. I never told anyone until the baby was born. How did you get across from the infirm ward to the schoolroom? – Down the hall and out the halldoor. I got from the hall to the infirm ward, as the door was open. I did not see any person in the hall when I passed through. I used to measure out the milk for the suppers for the house. I got the milk in the store, which was open. This young gentleman (Mr Conway) was in charge of the store giving out the milk. I could no say where the Master was. If the Master is doing business in any other place, the schoolmaster takes the keys and takes charge of the store. He was in charge on these two nights. I never went to the hospital or to the body of the house with the milk; a little girl takes up the milk to the Master’s room. The doors from the infirm ward to the hall are locked during the day, but open at supper time. These things occurred after supper. How did you find the doors open when you came back? – Prayers were going on in the chapel. I did not attend them on those occasions. I never found the doors open at any other time, when I wanted to pass in and out of the hall. After the child was born, I told the Matron and Mrs French whose the child was. I had two other children. Where were the boys out of the schoolroom on these nights? – They were at prayers. Cross-examined by Mr MacDormot – I am the mother of two illegitimate children; a man named Davy near Ballymote was father of both of them. The eldest of children is 14 years, and is a servant to the Master; I never help her. I was five years a nurse in the hospital. I broke my foot it and the Medical officer did not put me out for being drunk. I’m sure the Master was in the house the night these things happened. He might be over here looking at his books. The schoolmaster never had much conversation with me. I told him before Christmas at the turfhouse I was so. He laughed it off in little laugh and he said he would see me again. He never saw me again and he knows himself that is the truth. He need not be bringing anyone in the house into it but himself. The Master was sick last June. I went up to the Master’s room for an order for the milk; but if I did his daughter was there. The Master was in bed, but was not I handed him the bill, but his daughter. It was Mr Conway sent me up with the order because it was I knew best, the milk I gave out. You need not be bringing the Master into it at all. Capt. Sampson (sharply) – Just answer the questions now. Cross-examination resumed – It is about five years ago since the Matron reported my having got drink in the Porter’s room. I did not go into prayers on these nights because I was not good enough to go there. Why did you not go that night? – Because he had me “drawn.” I did not take any supper in the hall as I was in the ward small. He spoke to me when I was giving out the milk before the ward supper; he told me he wanted me. I did not tell Honor McLaughlin I was bribed to xxx it on him. I do not care what she swears or what he swears he is the father of it. I told the Matron it occurred in the women’s yard. I did not want to be telling them everything. Capt. Sampson – Why did you tell them it occurred in the women’s yard? – I did not like to tell them anything until it came to the point here. Mr MacDermot – When she was making herself up for this inquiry, she knew she could not give a more private place than the schoolroom. Capt. Sampson – I want to see can she give any intelligible reason why she invented the yard, and then changed it to the schoolroom. It appears to me she cannot. The witness further stated – The prayers were not finished when I came back from the schoolroom. The doors are locked the minute prayers are over. I swear no extra supplies were sent to me to the hospital since the child was born. Mr MacDermot said he would not examine Mr Conway until he saw she had corroborative evidence. Capt. Sampson – The question of the paternity of the child is not of so much of importance as the question of how this irregularity occurred. Mr Mullany as a guardian asked if this was noticed by anyone or by the officers of the house. Capt. Sampson – We have not got to the officers of the house yet. Mr MacDermot – If this women can get no corroboration, I venture to say you would not believe her alone. Capt. Sampson – That is as regards the paternity of the child; but the actual fact remains the child was born in the house. Better get the schoolmaster now, and let him make his statement. Mr Edward Conway was then sworn. Cryan – You are taking that oath wrongfully. Mr Conway – It is entirely false I had communication with her. Cryan – Certainly. Capt. Sampson – Don’t interrupt. You were not interrupted. Mr Conway – I often had to speak to her and give her directions. I never made any appointment with her in the milk-store, or any place else. The first time I heard of any imputation of this sort was the morning the child was born; I was away at a wedding and came back that morning. I never spoke to her about the turfhouse about this. Cryan – Certainly you did. Capt. Sampson – You must hold your tongue or I will put you out of the room. Mr Conway – I always read the prayers when the Master is out or I have to take out the milk or give out the suppers for the house. If I had a friend in my room, I would ask Miss Sheorin to read the prayers. That seldom occurs. I was absent at home on the 8th May. The Master was absent two or three nights at the end of May, and I read the prayers. When the Mater is absent, after having given out the milk, I give out the oil, and take the keys of the front house, and lock them in the porter’s desk. Then I go to the Master's office, and enter up the hospital books for the day. Capt. Sampson – How is it you enter up the Master’s books? Mr Conway – I would do it to oblige him. There is no return kept of the days I would do the Master’s duty. I never go into the schoolroom after supper. There are always people moving about the hall. She could possibly go far without being remarked. Capt. Sampson – Have you any way of showing where you were on these particular nights in May? Witness – Three or four women in the house attended the rosary every night. I attended very regularly in times of special devotion. They won’t be able to prove to particular dates. I had a conversation in the presence of the Porter with the Master since this child was born. He suggested to me it was better for me to go and throw this woman a £1 and get out of it. I said she would never get any money from me. Capt. Sampson – Is that material? Mr MacDermot – I think it is. In reply to the Inspector, Dr Stafford said the first week in May would be correct. Miss Cunningham, the matron was sworn and said – The morning the child was born I asked when did it occur and she said in June in the women’s yard. I said I did not believe it could have occurred there, as there were so many people about. I said it did occur there after prayers and that it was the schoolmaster. I was speaking to Mrs French, and she said it could not have been June. This women then said it might have been May or June, and was not sure – that she was not well up in dates. I used to see her every day, and I did not notice her condition before this. Capt. Sampson – It seems extraordinary you did not notice a thing like that. Witness – Since this occurrence the women’s doors are always locked. As a matter of fact while the people were in at prayers, any person that liked could ramble about the house? I never met any of them rambling. But they could do it if they liked? - I suppose they could when the door was open. There was no roll call to see were the people at prayers. This women, was always in the hall giving out the milk. A great many of the hospital people come down to prayers. The inform people get there meals carried to them. You say the doors were left open during prayers, and if a woman stood behind she could go about the house of her own accord? – Yes, until the doors would be locked; that was always so before I came to the house. As a rule I always take curfew of the hall when the inmates are having their supper. I stand by the man giving out the meals. Sometimes I go into the chapel with the inmates, or I am about the place. After prayers the schoolmistress locks the women’s door. This woman sometimes brought messages to the Master’s room in the morning. He would send down for her and I would send her up, and the schoolmaster would do it in the same way when he would be doing the business. Seldom I give out the breakfasts. It seems an extraordinary thing that a woman with two illegitimate children in the house could wander about the house without being called to order? – She was a wardsmaid. Her proper position was in the infirm ward, she had no business to go to the Master’s room and there might have been a better selection as wardsmaid? – I never had any fault to find with her, she always behaved herself very well in the house; she was very clean, and that was the reason she was brought in to give out the milk. To Mr MacDermot – I never saw any intimacy between her and Mr Conway, or any man coming in or out of the house. Mrs French, hospital nurse, swore she was present when Cryan made the statement to Mrs Cunningham. The child was full-grown. Miss Cunningham explained that this woman was selected as a wardsmaid because she was best of her class. Capt. Sampson – It was not about her being a nurses I spoke, but about her being sent up to the Master’s room. A tall bold woman named Anne Purcell was called by Mr MacDermot an sworn. She said- I am 14 months an inmate here; I spent most of my time in the cookhouse, and slept here. About this time twelve months, before the bed bell rung, I saw Anne Cryan coming from the front house with the Master, and she appeared to be intoxicated with liquor. He let her out and locked the door. After being in the laundry he said, “Anne Cryan, ring the bell.” I said she was there. “Oh, Anne Purcell,” says he, “ring the bell.” I suppose Anne Cryan was always in his mind. About the 8th or 9th of May when the rosary was going on, I saw Anne Cryan talking with the Master in the schoolroom. Her daughter was standing there in the hall, and I said, “what is your mother doing there with the Master?” She said she wanted clothes from the Master, as they were going out. Mr Conway was there at the rosary with his children. Capt. Sampson – Was the Master under the influence of drink that night that he locked Anne Cryan outside the door? Witness – I could not say he was under the influence of drink, because I always saw him in the habit of having some drink taken. Capt. Sampson asked the Master did he want to ask her any questions. The Master said there were never greater falsehoods sworn. The woman was most vindictive because he checked her on several occasions. James Bruen was called as the next witness by Mr MacDermot, and said – I am porter to Messrs Kennedy who have a contract for supplying goods to the workhouse. On one occasion I saw the Mater and this woman in the milk-store. This woman was leaning over the churn, and he had his arms around her waist. I said to him “Mr Kennedy would be blaming me for delaying.” He said, “All right, James, I will be ready in a few minutes.” The Master said he would ask no questions. He wondered the man would presume to sit there, and swear what he did. An old woman named Honor McLaughlin , who is servant to Mr Conway, swore that a fortnight before this woman was confined, she said to her not to crush her, as she was near her confinement, and “of her opinion she would leave it on the schoolmaster, as she was bribed.” Cryan – Wasn’t it lucky I told that to a lunatic like you? Mr Philip O’Donnell, the porter, was next examine briefly as to the entries in his book. Capt. Sampson – I don’t think that evidence is important. I will now ask Father O’Malley, the chaplain. The Rev. O’Malley, P.P., V. F., was sworn and said he reported this matter to the guardians. From the evidence he heard to-day there was an irregularity with regard to closing the doors during prayer. Have you had to find fault with any of the officers as to their conduct or behaviour in the house as chaplain of the institution? - Yes, I had to find fault with the Master and with O’Donnell, the porter. What kind of misconduct to do you attribute to them? – Drunkenness. It was probably five months ago. I saw the Master and with O’Donnell, the porter. Did you see him doing his duty in the house drunk? - It was not long ago since I saw him worth a considerable quantity of drink taken but still he was doing his work. I saw the porter in his room very incapable from drink on one occasion. I think there should be a more strict supervision practised with regard to the attendance of the inmates at night and morning prayers. I can give no information regard to this affair; I often saw this women attending her religious duties. Mr Richard (House?) Master, was then sworn. He said it was the talk of the hose how this women deceived every one as to her condition. He swore that the statements of Purcell and Bruen were utterly false. His daughter was there on the three occasions this woman came to his room with the account of the milk. What Father O’Malley swore about him was correct. Have you any reason or excuse oaf any kind how this connection between this woman and any man took place in the house, putting the schoolmaster out of the question? – Every officer has his pass key, and it might be used improperly or not; no person can control that. Mr Hall tendered the daughter of Anne Cryan as writes, but the Inspector would not take her evidence as against her mother. Mr Conway appealed to Mr Odbert, the clerk, as to his character. The Inspector said he knows nothing about his conduct in the house. Cryan – Mr Hall is fairly belied. This terminated the inquiry, and the Local Government board will communicate the result to the guardians.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 5

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing

14 April 1888

The Master and Porter Called on to Resign

The following was read: - Local Government Board. Dublin, 6 April 1888. Sir – I am directed by the Local government Board for Ireland to inform the Board of Guardians of Boyle Union that they have received Capt. Sampson’s report of the inquiry, held by him into a charge of immorality preferred against the schoolmaster of the workhouse by an inmate named Anne Cryan, together with minutes of the evidence taken at the inquiry which are enclosed for the guardians’ information. Capt. Sampson in his report states as follows:-“Anne Cryan, the woman in question, is the mother of two illegitimate children and states the schoolmaster is the father of this child. It appears after the child was born, she stated both to the Matron and the hospital nurse that the connection only took place once in the women’s yard. On, however, their fixing the time and hour she gave, it would be broad daylight and almost impossible for it to occur in such a public place. She afterwards changed the time and place , and said it occurred twice in the schoolroom. She admits on oath that the statements she first made are false, and can offer no reason for having done so. From the evidence and the way in which she gave it, I feel certain she was not stating the truth and that her evidence cannot be relied on. Mrs McLoughlin , an old woman, swears she had a conversation with Anne Cryan before the child was born, and that Anne Cryan told her she would put it on the schoolmaster, and that she had been bribed to do so. Mr Conway, the schoolmaster, is a young man, of very good character, and he denies on oath all the statements made against him by Anne Cryan. Taking the previous character of this woman into consideration, as well as her acknowledgement that her first statements were false, and there being absolutely no corroboration, I think she has altogether failed to establish her charge. The fact, however, remains that the child was born in the house, the management of which does not appear to be in a satisfactory state.” The guardians will observe that although Anne Cryan has failed to prove her charge, there is evidence to show that the Master has been guilty of great neglect of duty, and that he not maintained proper discipline and classification in the establishment. It also appears that both himself and the Porter are addicted to habits of intemperance, and that at a recent occasion the Master was fined at Petty Sessions for drunkenness on the streets. Under these circumstances it is quite evidence that these officers are wholly unfit for their situations, and the Local government board request that the guardians will call upon them to send in their resignations at their next meeting. You are requested to return the minutes of evidence to this office when done with. – I am Sir your obedient servant, D. J. MacSheahan, Asst. Sec. The Master and Porter were called before the board and informed of the result by the chairman. The Master said it was usual for Boards of Guardians to ask the Local Government Board reconsider their decision. Mr O’Brien said he saw from the Herald report that there only one charge of intemperance proved against the porter. After some discussion Mr Cox proposed the following which was seconded by Mr Burns: – As our Master, Mr Hall is a very old officer of this union for over 25 years, and this being the first charge preferred against him, also our Porter Mr O’Donnell, whom the board are also satisfied has discharged his duties satisfactorily, we trust the Local Government Board will reconsider their decision, as these officers have promised they will be more attentive to their duties in future, and a repetition of this offence will not occur. Mr Lindsay proposed and Mr O’Rorke seconded that the matter be adjourned for the summoned Board on that day, fortnight. The voting was: – For the resolution – Messrs Powell, Burns, Cox, H. Lawrence – 4. For the adjournment – Messrs Priest, Mullany, O’Rorke, O’Brien, Flanagan, Lindsay, Chairman – 7. Mr S. Lawrence did not vote.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 6

29 April 1893

The Masters Report

The master (Mr Cox) that he lodged to the credit of the Union during the week the sum of £23 made up as follows: - Pigs sold, less 2s luck-money, and care and feeding, 5s, £21 12 0d; Mr John Higgins, expenses in hospital, 12s; Ellen Kearne, do, £1 1s. There was a sum of £1 9s 2 due by a man named Martin Cryan, Edmundstown, for hospital expenses since November last. The master wrote since to him about it, but had since got no reply. The boys and girls were out for exercise during the week. After giving the clerk instructions as to Cryan's debt, The guardians adjourned.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 7

31 Oct 1896 p2

Boyle Petty Sessions

John Cryan summoned Annie Beirne for the trespass of four cows on his meadow land on the 5th of October. He demanded trespass but got abuse instead. It was the one cow that trespassed four times and he only gave her up once. A decree for 1s with 2 s costs was granted.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 8

19 Dec 1896 p3

Boyle Board of Guardians - More work for the undertaker

The constabulary of Keash reported that a dog belonging to Pat Burke of Knocklough had got rabid, and entering the house of Mary Cryan, of Lurgan, bit two dogs, which were destroyed. Burke's dog followed suit, and was certified rabid by Mr Watson V.S.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 9

15 May 1897 p2


James Beirne of Ardmoyle summoned T. Cryan for the trespass of a pig on the 27 April. He deposed that he gave the pig up to his sister, and demanded trespass. Cryan - He never gave the pig up to me, your worship Mr Bull - We give a decree for 6d and 2s costs.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 10

4th August 1889

Typed by Lauri Cryan

Sad Death of a Young Carrick Man            

(From our correspondent) Patrick Cryan, the young man who three weeks ago, met with such a melancholy accident when passing the demesne of Mr Guy Lloyd, D.L. died on Wednesday evening at his parents' residence, Carrick. The deceased was suffering from concussion of the brain caused by the falling of a branch of a tree during the late storm, and was under the care of Dr. Kiernan, and was progressing favourably until he became convulsed and died rather suddenly. Much regret is felt at his premature death, as the deceased was a great favourite. On Friday his remains were interred in Kiltoghert.




Roscommon Herald Articles No 11

5th July 1890

Typed by Lauri Cryan

Death of Master Luke Cryan                      

(From our Correspondent) It would seem incredible, but yet it is a reality, that that jovial youth in his teens is now stilled in death. His ever beaming countenance and genial disposition had endeared him to his companions in Carrick-on-Shannon, where he spent the major portion of is brief span of life. After a short illness, he succumbed at his parent's residence, Carrowreagh, on Monday, June 23rd, at the age of 17 years. The deepest sympathy is felt for his afflicted relatives, and to his esteemed Father, John Cryan, Esq., P.L.G., we tender our condolence in his hour of affliction - R.I.P.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 12


The Bogus Prosecution of the Drumshambo Rowdies in Carrick

The secret alliance that exists between Parnell and Balfour was made clear to all men by the transactions in Carrick on Saturday last. The Drumshambo Rowdies who led the attack on the Nationalist meeting last February in Carrick, were put on their trial for riot in a Crimes Act court before Removables Paul and Preston. […] At the sitting of the Coercion Court, after some mysterious “colloguings” between the solicitors, it was announced that the Crown had withdrawn the prosecutions against R. J. Cryan, and James McDermott, jun., tailor, Carrick, and John McManus, rate collector, Drumshambo. […]



Roscommon Herald Articles No 13

19 April 1902

The Auxilliaries

The next matter under consideration of the affiliation of Cloonloo and Carrowcrory auxiliaries with the Boyle Society. […] The experts of the Irish Agricultural Organization Society, Mr Horace Plunkett and Father Finlay, were in favour of the establishment of the auxiliaries. Mr Cryan said he had come there on behalf of the Carrowcrory auxiliary. He even advised the Carrowcrory shareholders not to come to this meeting as shareholders at all, although he believed they got notice to attend. He told them not to attend as it would cause friction. Chairman - That is a wrong opinion. Mr Cryan said from experience at the last meeting it would come to something like it. They came prepared to pay their own expenses, and if required would pay for their house and machinery. They only wanted co-operation. They were prepared to do their part if the Boyle Society did theirs. Mr McManamy - I think I can speak for the Cloonloo shareholders, and I say we are prepared to pay for our house and machinery. The chairman asked how may cows they could guarantee from Carrowcrory. Mr Cryan - Unfortunately I did not come exactly prepared. Chairman - Would you have 200? Mr Cryan - We could have 500 cows. We have 300 at the present time. Mr McManamy said he could endorse every word of what Mr Cryan had said with regard to the expense of getting up the house and machinery. He defied any man prove that their expenses will be £3 a week. […]



Roscommon Herald Articles No 14

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing

January 30 1892

Cloonfinlough to the Front

Mr Michael Carley, Cloonfinlough, processed Michael Cryan, of the same place, for trespass amounting to £6 regarding a disputed portion of bog. Mr McDonnell was for the plaintiff, and Mr Joseph Burke, B.L. defended. Mr Hanley, surveyor, produced the map, and gave evidence as to the survey. Here Mr McDonnell drew attention to Cryan, who looking daggers at the surveyor. Carley examined by Mr McDonnell - My father before me was using this piece of bog. I had it in tillage three years. Mr Holmes, the agent, told the bailiff to allow me till the cut-away. The third year all the "splits" were turn up. The Head Constable came out, and Cryan said it was he dug up "the spuds". The same year Cryan's son pulled up the stalks, and he was fined before the magistrates. They appealed, and it was not heard since. I lost about 30 cwt of potatoes. To Mr Burke - I am tenant to the landlord of that portion. I did not put that piece in the courts to have a fair rent fixed. I had the title of it, and Cryan never paid rent for it. I had the bog, in addition to my land. I put about a hundred ass loads of manure on that bog. I was put to jail a long time ago over a dispute regarding that bog. Cryan ("sotto voce") - And his father and his mother (laughter). Mr McDonnell - Mr Cryan won't deny that himself was in jail. It is the case of many a good man. Mr Burke interrupted. Mr McDonnell - Will you sit down, Mr Burke, you are like a man with a bee in your -- well, somewhere (laughter). Mr McDonnell said his throat was sore today, and he would not talk. Mr Burke sat down. Cold water was strong today. John Elwood, who was served with a subpoena did not appear. His Lordship fined Elwood £1. Jane Carley deposed in reply to Mr McDonnell, that she was in occupation of the place twenty three years. Mr Byrne, the bailiff, gave evidence in favour of Carley. To his Lordship - I know what those fools are fighting about. It is not worth their dinner. I gave permission to Carley from Mr Holmes to till part of this bog. Pat Barry deposed in reply to Mr McDonnell that the bog was worth twopence a year. Cryan never used this bog before Carley, and he had crops on it three years. His Lordship did not proceed further with the case.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 15

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing

March 30 1895

The Old Woman and the Young Man

Catherine Walsh summoned a respectable looking man named James Cryan for having assaulted her. Cryan had a cross-case against Catherine for a like reason. The parties live near Boyle on the Doon side. Catherine deposed that on last Monday week Cryan went into her garden and assaulted her by throwing her to the ground. They had words about hay, and after throwing her Cryan took the hay away. A brother of Cryan's came in at the end and beseeched them to make peace. Cryan - How often did you strike me with the stick? Catherine - Ah, about twenty times I believe (laughter). How often did you strike me with stones? Ah, go long out of that, you and the stones (laughter). Didn't you throw stones at me? - Sure an ould woman like me couldn't be a little boy like you (laughter). Mr Bull - Did you strike him with the stick? Catherine - I did. Mr Bull -Was that before or after he threw you? - After. Cryan - Did you know that I had that hay from your son? - No. Mr Bull said the court would be quite right in protecting the woman, but they could not allow her to strike a man with a stick. Mr Gillespie asked Catherine if she had any witnesses. Catherine - Ah, sorra witness. It was his brother came into the garden. Cryan - Her own cousin was there. John Cryan, brother of the defendant, deposed, amid comical ejaculations from Catherine, that when he and his brother went to take the hay, which they had authority to do, Catherine struck the defendant several times with a stick. Catherine - What are you going down there at all for? What claim have you? Defendant deposed that at the time plaintiff's son got married to his sister, he gave him authority to take the hay. He had a letter from her son to that defect. He (defendant) would not strike an old woman like the plaintiff. Mr Bull said that if they were satisfied that Cryan assaulted the woman in the first instance they would send him to jail - Catherine - He wants that (laughter). Mr Bull -For a month. But she assaulted first, and both cases were dismissed.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 16

30 March 1895

Transfer of License

Mr John Cryan applied for the transfer of the license held by Mr F.R. Phillips, Bridge St, Boyle. Mr Gillespie explained that Mr Cryan had Mr McDermot, solicitor, employed but that gentleman was absent. Mr Michael Cunningham, T.C. said he had all the documents in connection with the sale of the house to Mr Cryan, which sale he as an auctioneer had executed. On Mr McDermot's return the assignment would be completed. Mr Bull - Is he in possession of the premises? Mr Cunningham - Virtually. He has paid the money. In reply to Mr Bull, Mr Cryan said he desired to carry on the spirit trade in Mr Phillips premises. Mr Bull - I was under the impression that you were taking Mr O'Connor's house. Mr Cunningham - No. Mahon's house. He expended a large sum of money on that place, but, of course, he will have to forego it. Mr Bull - Very well, the bench are unanimous in granting the license till the June Quarter Sessions. A few unimportant drunkenness cases having been disposed of, their worships rose.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 17

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing

Saturday July 27, 1895

Alleged Abusing A Woman

Mrs Bridget Cryan, the Crescent, summoned James Quinn, a neighbour, for using abusive language towards her. There was a cross-summons for a like offence. Plaintiff stated that Quinn gave her the height of scandal. He said he would walk on her, called her a rogue, and said her husband was a rotten soldier. She had to bring him up before for his conduct. Mr Bull - What is the cause of this? Quinn - It is all politics, sir (laughter). Plaintiff - I never spoke to him for the last three years, since I got him bound to the peace --- Quinn - You and your husband only summon at election times. I deny the charge. Mr Bull - Have you any questions to ask her? Quinn - I have (to plaintiff) - On your oath did you not say on the 18th that "the Parnellites" and the "big-headed man" (laughter) were landed? -On my oath I did not, and I can call a gentleman who witnessed your conduct. Mrs Ellen Doherty deposed to hearing Quinn say he would walk on Mrs Cryan, who never answered him. Quinn was always at her (witness) as well as Mrs Cryan. Quinn - Didn't this woman send you to abuse me? Witness - Never. Quinn - She did, and especially since the last General Election they would not allow a cart of turf turn up to my door. I never spoke to this woman or her husband by night and day since the last General Election. Mr Bull - She says you did more than abuse her. Quinn - Well, I did not. Martin Doherty was called for the plaintiff. He said he was passing by the scene of the row when Mrs Cryan called him to witness the affair. He only heard Mr Quinn say he would not be walked upon. Plaintiff said Mr Powell, of the bank, witnessed the defendant's conduct. Richard Fairbanks was also called in support of Mrs Cryan. He thought it was only an ordinary scolding match between the two (laughter). He heard Quinn call plaintiff a rogue. Plaintiff - On your oath did you hear me answering him? - I did. They were both abusing each other. The cross-case was then gone into. Quinn deposed that on the evening of the 18th - the nomination day for North Roscommon - Mrs Cryan and Mary Doherty came out and abused him. On the morning of that evening he was at the rent-office complaining that they would not allow a cart be brought to his door. She said --"the big-headed Orangeman is landed" (laughter) and "priest-hunter." Previous to that she sent her son, of something about five years, after him to call him the same thing. Mr Bull - How do you know whether she did or not? Quinn - I saw her telling him. She is trying to corrupt me and break my vote since the last General Election (a laugh). Mrs Cryan - He has a gun in the place, and he said he would blow my brains out. Corporal Cryan then ascended the table. Quinn - This man goes around the town with his pamphlets trying to induce people to vote for --- Mr Bull - Why would he not do that? He has a perfect right to do it. Corporal Cryan, not being present at the scene which gave rise to the summons was not present. Patrick Casey deposed to hearing Mr Quinn say he would not be tramped upon. He could not say that Mrs Cryan was speaking to him. Quinn - The object is - to get me bound to the peace, the way I would be disenfranchised (laughter). Mr Bull - Ah, that is nonsense. You both seem to have been abusing each other. So I dismiss the case. Go about your business (laughter). The other cases before the court were adjourned for the attendance of solicitors.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 18

Thanks to Judy for the typing

April 11 1891

The prosecution of the Drumshambo rowdies in Carrick

On last Friday a Crimes Act Court was held at Carrick-on-Shannon before Mr. Paul, R.M., and Capt. Preston, R.M., to dispose of the charge of riot against Paddy McManus, Corney McManus and John McManus of Drumshanbo and Robert J. Cryan and James McDermott, Jr. of Carrick, the ringleaders in the attack on the Nationalist meeting there on the 22ndFeb. last. Mr. Friery, solicitor, Dublin, appeared for John McManus, Mr. Slacke, solicitor for Paddy and Corny McManus and Mr. Bergin for Cryan and McDermott. Mr. Morphy, B.L., instructed by Mr. Croker, S.C.S., prosecuted. The prosecution was practically a farce, the police witnesses called being the men who managed to see nothing on the occasion. Sergeant Daniel O Mara of Carrick was the first witness. He saw Paddy McManus coming into town that day at the head of about 40 men with sticks. They were joined by about a 100 in Carrick, and paraded the town carrying a portrait of Parnell. They were cheering and above the din he heard Paddy McManus shouting they would put an end to Whiggery in Carrick. He saw the Ballinamore contingent coming, and the drumstick pulled from one of them. Father Donohoe led the Mohill people, and he saw a conflict with sticks and stone throwing. He could not say were Paddy and John McManus there then, but he saw them go towards the direction of the conflict. There were about 20 people on the platform, and Mr. Jasper Tully was amongst them. He saw Corny McManus shouting and groaning and winding a big stick over his head, and afterwards chasing a man into Mrs. Owen McDermotts. When Canon Hoare was speaking, some one on the platform said "Kitty O'Shea." Paddy McManus shouted " Not another word" and then in the din of the confusion set up again. He saw McDermott, Cryan, and the McManus's at the breaking up of the platform, and their conduct was bad. The priests then held the meeting in the chapel-yard, and the Drumshambo people brought down Parnell's banner, and placed it before the chapel door and commenced groaning, shouting and whistling. The Drumshambo people were not the only Parnellites. Mr. Bergin said the Carrick Parnellites could have swept the town if they wished. MR. FRIERY: Did you consider the reterence to Mrs. O'Shea by the seceders an insult to Mr. Parnell or his followers? WITNESS: Well, they took it as an insult. Constable Irwin proved that Robert Cryan was waving his hat and cheering for Parnell when Canon Hoare was trying to speak. There was a man named Hunt from Boyle very prominent there that day. Constable James Fitzgerald swore he saw the McManuss do nothing but cheer and shout. They cheered for Parnell. He saw an ordinary stick with Corny McManus. He did not see Cryan and McDermott do anything but cheer. To Mr. Paul I saw the Drumshanbo men strike the people. Constable Robert Shaw disposed that he saw the McManuss take part in scuffling at the platform. Constable George Richardson, Drumshanbo, in his evidence mentioned that he saw the three McManus's, of Drumshanbo, assisting in pulling down the platform. To Mr. Bergin---John McManus is a rate collector , and he gave us a seat. The defendants are all respectable. Constable David Noonan deposed that the man he saw handling Parnell's banner and carrying it with another in front of the chapel door was Pat Malone, of Drumshambo. Thomas Egan, a Parnellite, from Attirory near Carrick, was next examined; He got a black eye that day. Was it through friendship you were struck? - No Is your political opinion known in Carrick? I appeal to the Head Constable (great laughter) Cross examined by Mr. Bergin -I was on Mr. Parnells side that day. (laughter) To Mr. Slacke -I believe it was a McCarthyite who struck me.(laughter) Owen Hunt, Patrick Early, P.L.G., the Very Rev. Canon J. Hoare, P.P.V.F., Carrick-on-Shannon, Rev. F. Donohoe, P.P., Mohill; Jasper Tully, Boyle; Dr. Mulcahy, Coroner, Ballinamore having been called as Crown witnesses. The Court adjourned until Saturday week. Great indignation is felt at the action of the authorities in endeavouring to make prosecutors of the Priests. Father Donohoe's letter in the National Press today has caused great consternation in official quarters, and a copy of this paper has been impounded.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 19

Thanks to Judy for the typing

11th April 1891

Expulsion Of Parnellite Rowdies

Mr. J. Mulligan, Co. Secretary, said as the business pertaining to championship was concluded; he wished to say a few words concerning one of their brother members, and it was no other individual than the saintly creature Mr. R.J.Q.W.T.R. Cryan, (laughter) the "honourable" representative of the Carrick-on-Shannon team who had created so much trouble and disunion in the country...the so called ringleader of the recent disgraceful scenes at Carrick. By his means their priests, whom they loved so well, had been warranted by Government authority because they would not appear before Balfour's court to prosecute the rowdies of Carrick and Drumshanbo. They had caused the disturbance at Carrick meeting while District-Inspector Rogers let Irishmen spill one another's blood. It was sought to put the Priests and their flocks at variance. It was misguided men like Cryan who were instrumental in that. Therefore, he now proposed the expulsion of Cryan from the County Council, because by having him amongst them it would be casting a slur and disgrace on them as Gaels and Nationalists. He did not want to be any way bitter towards a man to express his opinions whether Parnellite or Nationalist, but they could not tolerate a man through whose rowdyism their priests, perhaps, may be before many days lodged in Balfour's dungeons. Mr. Peter Mcguire seconded the expulsion of Cryan. CHAIRMAN: that is a resolution concerning politics, and I will not entertain it, it may cause disunion. MR.MULLIGAN: I beg your pardon, Mr. Chairman. You must entertain it. How well politics were, entertained at our last meeting, and there was no objection or disunion. HAIRMAN: Well, I was not chairman. MR.MULLIGAN: You should have attended. As long as the chairman has such quibbling I will resign and you can put Mr. Cryan in my place (no, no) I will never sit with a man like Cryan whose acts are the means of having the men of Mohill, perhaps, to part with their priests for some time (murmurs) The meeting declared strongly against Cryan , and Mr. Mulligan left the room followed by everyman present except the chair and the Cloone representative. Mr. Mulligan's followers again returned to the room when Mr. Michael Murphy, P.L.G., Capt. Fenagh St.Cailins, was moved to the chair. Mr. Mulligan again proposed the expulsion of Cryan which was seconded 'una voce' by eleven Nationalists and warmly endorsed by a ringing cheer from hundreds outside. The chairman Mr. Murphy, P.L.G., said he never had greater pleasure in putting a resolution to a meeting than the present one. The resolution was carried with great enthusiasm.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 20

Thanks to Judy for the typing

Saturday, Sept 21 1895


TAKE NOTICE that it is my intention to apply at the next general Quarter Sessions, to be held at Boyle, in and for the Division of Boyle, and County of Roscommon, on the 18th day of October next, for a magistrate's certificate to entitle me to receive a Confirmation of the license to sell Beer, Cider, and Spirits, by retail at my dwelling house, situate at Bridge Street, Boyle, in the parish of Boyle, Barony of Boyle and County of Roscommon. Date this 11th day of Sep. 1895, JOHN CRYAN (applicant) P.C.P MacDermot, Solicitor for Applicant, Boyle To R.R. Fry, Esq., J.P; Major Murphy, J.P; W.H. Robinson, Esq.; Clerk of the Crown and Peace, Peace Office, Roscommon; and to C.H. Rafter, Esq., D.I.,R.I.C., Boyle



Roscommon Herald Articles No 21

Thanks to Judy for the typing

21 March 1891


Crimes act summonses have been served on the ringleaders of the Drumshanbo and Carrick rowdies who broke up the Carrick meeting. They are charged with riot and unlawful assembly, and the defendants are Paddy McManus, Corny McManus, John McManus, James McDermott, Drumshanbo, and Robert J. P. Q. Cryan. Paddy McManus is a most arrant coward, because when he was in Kilmainham for a couple of months as a suspect , he signed the most humiliating conditions to get out. A dose of the plank-bed was one of the things he never bargained for when he came out cheering the police and attacking the priests in Carrick. [...]



Roscommon Herald Articles No 22

Thanks to Judy for the typing

16th February 1895


James Beirne, Kiltycreighton, summoned a young neighbour named Pat Cryan for having assaulted him on 1st inst. Plaintiff stated that he had been settling with the defendant's uncle about the service of cows, opposite Mr. Clarke's in the Black Lane, when the defendant approached them and said to the uncle "Have nothing to do with that man" whereupon he struck plaintiff on the forehead and ran away. Owen Shannon deposed to seeing the blow struck in the manner described by plaintiff. DEFENDANT: Did you see my uncle go between us and prevent him striking me when he made the rush at me? WITNESS: I did not. I was standing between you both. Michael Horan stated he only heard Beirne say he was struck by Cryan. Cryan had across-case against Beirne for assault. He stated Beirne was only offering his uncle 7s 6d for the service, instead of 16s. He was insisting on the uncle taking the small amount. When he ( Cryan) asked his uncle to come home Beirne said, "What has he got to do with you?" and rushed at him with a stick, aiming a blow at him , and nearly pushing him through Mr. Clarke's window. His uncle said to Beirne that it was a shame to strike the little boy. James Cryan and Michael Tooman gave evidence as to seeing young Cryan get the shove. John O'Rourke was sworn but he could not throw any light on the matter. The bench fined Cryan 5s and costs, and dismissed the cross-case against Beirne. CRYAN: Only for I struck him that night there was a danger of him killing me, because he is a fighting man (laughter) MR. BULL: You appear to be fighting man yourself (a laugh)



Roscommon Herald Articles No 23

Thanks to Ellen for the typing

Saturday, Sept 12, 1891

Headline Ballinamore Notes (Co Leitrim)

(From our Correspondent) EXCITING What will the Carrick-on- SCENES Shannon rowdy, Parnellites next turn their hand to? This week they appeared in the role of emergencymen. No more trusty fellows could be selected for this purpose (that two masons named Bob V.F.P.X.V.M.Z. Cryan, and a burly-looking fellow named Hayden, who accompanied him from Carrick. The latter's Christian name is either James or John, but lest I should make an unintentional mistake and inflict unnecessary pain on any Carrick person, I will attempt a little personal description of this Hayden. He is tall and dark complexioned with a wild black moustache and lantern jaws and a prominent set of teeth and lips which bear evidence of frequent contact with porter. These worthy tools of rowdy Paddy McManus were on Monday engaged near Newtowngore - a village about three miles from here - in levelling an evicted tenant's house under the superintendence of Cryan's father. The people of the locality, who were already incensed against them for the Carrick infamy, soon made the district a veritable frying pan for them with the result that these Carrick Parnellite crowbar brigade men soon flew. Surely Nemesis is dogging the footsteps of the plotters and actors of the Carrick outrage!



Roscommon Herald Articles No 24

Thanks to Ellen for the typing

Saturday Oct. 1, 1892


Mr. Michael Cryan, Boyle, summoned Mrs Quinn, wife of James Quinn, carpenter, Ross Lane, for having used abusive language towards him, and also for assaulting his child. The plaintiff, who gave his evidence in a clear and intelligent manner, stated - At about five o'clock on Sunday evening my wife directed my attention to the defendant's scolding. I asked her what was the matter, and she told me that Quinn's wife had upset the child. She was attempting a second assault on the child when I ran to its assistance. Her children were giving us great trouble, so I went out to this woman and told her to control her children. "Go long" said she, "you black sweep; you lunatic." Mrs Quinn - I said you were like a lunatic. Corporal Cryan - There were witnesses a short distance off who heard this woman. I said to my wife - "Don't answer this woman. I'll take her before a magistrate." Her expressions were dreadful, and I have respectable witnesses to prove same. I told her I would not speak to her, but that I would bring her before a magistrate. "Speaking to you, you black sweep," she said. "Go long, you lunatic." Chairman - Then you want me to bind this woman to keep the peace? Mr. Cryan - Well no. I want to get along quietly, as I have always done. Chairman - This is a case of abusive language, and is more for the Town Court than this one. Mr. Quinn here began to tell a story. Chairman - You must ask questions. Mrs Quinn (to Mr. Cryan) - Didn't your wife abuse me? Mr. Cryan - I cannot answer that question. Defendant then admitted the use of abusive language. Mary Grehan corroborated plaintiff's statement. Chairman - I suppose it was all about the children? Mary Grehan - Well it was. Mrs Quinn called Mr. Cryan a sweep and a lunatic. Mrs. Quinn - I called him a lunatic because he looked like one when he came out in his shirt sleeves. James Quinn - She did not say he was one. She said he was like one (laughter). Chairman - It was as near a thing as she could say - a distinction without a difference (renewed laughter). Mrs Cryan was examined and stated that Mrs Quinn struck her child on the head, and then when she went to check her for it she called her a "ballad singer." Mr Quinn denied this statement. Chairman - I would recommend you to leave this man and his wife alone. This is a case of riotous and indecent behaviour. The case was dismissed. ----------------------------------------------------------------- Mr Cryan had also a case against James Quinn. Mr Cryan - On yesterday evening my wife sent for me, and when I went to the house, I found her shaking. Quinn had been using very abusive language towards her. I said to Quinn - " On the word of a man, or as a man, should you make use of such language to this woman?" "Go long you b-----r" he said "I would knock the head off you." Mr Cryan went on to state the nature of the abuse towards himself and his wife by Quinn, and during the giving of his evidence was frequently interrupted by Quinn, who was eventually called to order. Mr Cryan - The abuse was so much that I went to Mr Gillespie, C.P.S., and got a warrant, which contained the evidence I am after giving. I am in dread of this man. Chairman - You are taking very strong measures. Quinn - It is a wonder a soldier like you would be afraid of me (laughter). Mr Cryan - If I met you in the discharge of a military duty you would know then, but (addressing the Bench) it would not become me nor would it be wise of me, to have any altercation with this man, as a civilian. Quinn denied the offence, and hurled at Mr Cryan counter charges at random. He said he threatened to strike Cryan when he said he would put him and his wife out of that place. Mr Cryan applied to make another statement. Chairman - Not now. Mr Cryan - Thank you. Michael Connor corroborated Mr Cryan's statement. James McGlynn also gave corroborative evidence, and said nothing could take place on the occasion without his knowledge. Chairman (to defendant) - I will put you under a rule of bail to keep the peace for twelve months, yourself in #10 and two securities in #5 each. Quinn - I think that according to the law he should be bound over, too. Mr Cryan - I did not make use of any abusive language whatever. Quinn - I appeal to the police if ever I broke the peace. Chairman - You appear to have lost your temper. In the cross against Mr Cryan the chairman said - " I refuse to put this man under a rule of bail."



Roscommon Herald Articles No 25

Thanks to Ellen for the typing

16 January 1892


Michael Cryan summoned Michael Beirne for assaulting him on the road near the Kingsland post office. Beirne had a cross case against Cryan. Mr MacDermot appeared for Beirne. Cryan deposed that he was coming from Kingsland post office. There were three boys, Michael Cryan, John Morris, Peter Campbell on the road. Beirne asked him what was he listening to, and struck him with a stick. He went to Mrs Connaughton's to be washed and Beirne again followed him and cut his lip with a thump. To Mr MacDermot - Myself and my brothers are not on good terms with the Beirnes. We were summoned for trespassing on their lands. I went behind no hedge. I said to Beirne I would stand on the road as long as I liked. There was no bad language used by me. I did not ask Beirne to fight me, because I would not be able for him. I said I would spend two shillings on him for a summons. John Morris was sworn, and he denied that Beirne hit Cryan. Cryan was hit in the bushes. He heard the noise, and thought it was a bird. When they went to look through the bushes, Beirne told Cryan to kiss -----. Witness commenced to gesticulate with his hands. Capt. McTernan - Keep your hands quiet. Mr MacDermot - He is not in the bush now. Don't mind those antics or declaiming. Capt McTernan - I will give Cryan leave to cross-examine this witness, but he will not get much out of him. Mr MacDermot - And he is Cryan's witness. Capt McTernan - He is also your witness. Morris who is a young lad, again waved his hands. Capt McTernan - Keep your hands quiet. I wonder you did not use them on the occasion. After hearing more evidence, Capt McTernan dismissed the case without prejudice.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 26

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing


Leitrim County Committee

On last Sunday a meeting of the above was held in Keshcarrigan for the purpose of drawing the first ties for the county championship. The following members attended: ‹Owen Gray, Gorvagh Brian Borus; Edward Mealia, Kiltubride Redmonds; Pat Flynn, Ballinamore Oughtrough Wolfe Tones; John Ward, Annaduff Parnellites; Francis Short, Cloone O’Connell’s; Pat Reynolds, Kiltubride Davitts; Hugh Reynolds, Mohill Faugh-a-Ballaghs; Robert Cryan, Carrick Emmets; J.J. Kelleher, Bornacoola Hugh O'Neills; John Flynn, Eslin Sarsfields; John Gray, Gorlettera Campaigners; John Reynolds, Co. Treasurer; and J.J. Mulligan, Co Secretary. As the chairman, Mr Murphy, was absent again, Mr Patt Flynn, Ballinamore, presided. The minutes of last meeting were read by the secretary, and as he was leaving the book before the chairman to sign, Mr Cryan, from Carrick, objected, and proposed that the resolution passed at last meeting in Mohill against Mr Parnell be rescinded, and resolution instead passed at this meeting in favour of him, which was seconded by Mr Ward, Annaduff. Mr Mulligan objected, and called on the chairman not to entertain it, as it was illegal to do so without giving notice, and if Mr Cryan wanted to do so, by all means let him give notice on today that the resolution against the fallen leader be rescinded at next meeting. Mr Cryan - No, it will divided on today. We came here to transact the business of the county, and it is our duty to rescind that uncalled-for resolution against Mr Parnell who did so much for the people. Mr Mulligan‹When you thought so much about Mr Parnell why did you Not come to the meeting in Mohill, and stand by him? Mr Cryan - We were not affiliated at that time. Mr Mulligan - Well, it seems you did not think much of him or you would pay 10s in order to gain the victory. Mr Cryan - It was a hole-and-corner meeting you held when you passed that resolution. Mr Mulligan - It's wrong. Each member whose club was affiliated got due notice, and I call on the members present if any one can say they did not get notice, and besides it appeared in the HERALD to give such men as you a chance to come forward. Mr Cryan again called on the chairman to put it to the meeting. Mr Flynn maintained that Mr Cryan was out of order in introducing the matter before the meeting. We came here to draw the first ties for the county championship and arrange for kicking off the ties, and not for discussing politics. When politics were introduced to be discussed relative to Mr Parnell's leadership at the last meeting, you, Mr Cryan put in no appearance., but now you come at the eleventh hour to upset what the Co Committee has done in the past. He has asked the chairman several times to put his motion before the meeting, and the chairperson explained to him very fairly his reason for not doing so, and still Mr Cryan wants to make one end of his tongue a liar of the other. Chairman‹Now, gentlemen, I would rather you, Mr Cryan, would not press on me to do so, and my reason is this because I believe in the course of a few days this difference that has risen in the ranks of the Irish Party will be settled, and it is our duty to keep silent until such time as they do so. For myself I am in favour of Mr Parnell, but for peace sake I would much rather keep silent at present, because it does not matter a pin what we do in the matter. It will be abler men that will settle this affair. I got notice from Mr Mulligan to attend the last meeting, but unfortunately could not, and if I had been there I would have given my vote for Mr Parnell. I don't deny it, and I wrote to Mr Mulligan to that effect, but it seems my note was not a vote. However, when things have happened as they did, I would much rather we would keep silent for the further. Mr Cryan - I press on you, Mr Chairman, to put my motion before the meeting and it will settle it at once. Mr Mulligan again objected, and called on the chairman not to entertain it. Chairman‹I will vacate my seat, and let some other chairman conduct the business. Mr Cryan - No, you will not; you are an independent chairman, and why not do your duty? Mr Flynn‹I propose that Mr Cryan is out of order for introducing the matter before the meeting. Mr Kelleher seconded Mr Flynn's proposition. Several members‹It is just the same. It is the same voting. Mr Flynn - No, for I know the reason Mr Cryan introduces the matter, because I cannot take part in the vote or my friend, Mr Kelleher, for we must leave while it is going on. According to my position I cannot take part, and if I was aware that such would be before the meeting, there would be a delegate in my place here, as there was on the last occasion. Mr Cryan - Oh, Mr Flynn, you will not boss us that way. The Gaels of Leitrim are not going to be voiced as they were at the last meeting. Here Mr Ward wheeled about in a tiger's rage ready to devour, and immediately turned his back to the meeting, and he addressing them. The sec. Called on Mr Ward to control his temper and manners too, and told him not to be impertinent, for he and Mr Cryan had disturbed the meeting, and seemingly came for that purpose. When Mr Ward got notice to attend he acted the coward. Mr Cryan pressed his motion. Mr Flynn told him he was a disturber, and a man like him was coming into their ranks at the eleventh hour, and raising disunion between members that worked together from the start of the association in friendship. They should not be divided by men like Mr Cryan, and if his strength was according to his ability such as it is, he would not call the Grand Old Man his cousin (great laughter). Mr Cryan‹I was in the ranks as soon as you, Mr Flynn. Mr Flynn‹Well, you were early so, for I think I was the first to put a start on the movement in Leitrim, and I always observed the rules and caused no disunion or discord among my brother Gaels. Mr Cryan again pressed on the chairman to put his motion before the meeting. Mr Mulligan proposed that the resolution passed in Mohill against the leadership be upheld. Mr John Reynolds, Co treasurer, seconded the proposition, and said it was uncalled for to see men like Mr Cryan or Mr Ward, that had not the pluck of Irishmen when called on at the special meeting, to come forward and give their opinions, but now they saw that they had an opportunity, which they would not if notice were given - of rescinding the resolution, but there would be as before two to one against the man that fell by his own acts. He always supported Mr Parnell’s views and his followers, and never kept a clenched fist against the calls of Nationality when those that are now supporting him were behind time. As the vote was going to be taken, Mr Flynn and Mr Kelleher had to leave, but thanks to the "Hugh O'Neills," they had a man to take the place of Mr Kelleher, if politics would be introduced. Mr Cryan called for all that loved Parnell to come to his side. Mr Mulligan called for all that loved faith and fatherland and a spotless leader to come on his side. For Mr Cryan's motion there voted - Ward, Gray, Campaigners, Short and Cryan. For Mulligan's ‹Reynolds, Gray, Brian Borus, Reynolds, Hugh O'Neills, and Mulligan. The chairman declined to give his vote although called on by the Parnellites. The anti-Parnellites cheered "Bravo, chairman, may your name for ever shine!" So Mr Cryan’s motion was blocked, and the Leitrim Gaels are still anti-Parnellites. Mr Mealia and Mr Reynolds, Kiltubride, did not vote, and Mr Hugh Reynolds, Mohill, said on account of his not voting before he would not vote now.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 27

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing


Boyle Teachers' Association

The usual monthly meeting was held at the courthouse on Saturday 25th January. The following subscriptions were handed in:‹ Mr Gordon, 5s; Mrs Deacon, 3s; Mr O'Rourke, 2s.6d. Miss Martin, Messrs Barnes, McLoughlin, Beirne, Kenny, Cassidy, Nangle, McDermott, Graham, 1s.6d each. Mrs Boylan, and Mr Kenny paid 2s.6d each towards the O'Donnell fund since last acknowledgement. The nominations for C.E. for the year 1902 are ‹ Clarke, Central Secretary; Hegarty, President; Moore, Treasurer, and Nangle and McGettrick, Connaught representatives. The outgoing officers tendered their resignation and were re-elected. The following resolutions were passed‹ (1) - "That the meetings of this Association for the current year be held on the thirds Saturdays of April, July and October, and that no further intimation of date of meetings be given to members except notice in Class Journals; (2) - "That Mr J McDermott be admitted a member of the Association. (3) - That we deeply sympathise with Mr Cryan and family of Croghan, on the premature death of Mr John Cryan." - E.J. Kenny , P.J. Beirne, secs.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 28

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing


The Daring Robberies in Boyle

An Adventurous Youth. - Returned for Trial Roscommon Herald, Saturday, November 24, 1894 (excerpts) On Wednesday, Mr R.G. Bull, R.M., sat in Boyle courthouse and held an investigation into the charges of robbery of a bicycle, bulgariously entering the house of Mr John Cahill, Elphin Street, Boyle, and taking there from a pair of boots, of entering in a similar manner the house of Mr James Candon, Bank Lane, Boyle, and stealing there from a sum of money, preferred against Thomas Lavin, Carricknahornia. .......................... Martin Cryan, publican and farmer, Carrowrea, Co Sligo, deposed to the body portion of the bicycle being left at his house by last witness. Sergeant Lynch took it away. Acting Sergeant Lynch, Keash, deposed‹On the 6th inst. I received information that a portion of a bicycle was at Cryan's house, whither I went and got a wheel and the body of the bicycle, including the chain, now produced. On the 8th inst. I obtained one wheel, saddle, pouch, handles and other parts from Patrick Henry, of Carrowcrory. On the 9th I received screws. On the 10th I received handles, brake, mudguard and pedal. I brought all to the police barrack and produce them now. ...................... Martin Cryan, Carrowrea, gave evidence as to Lavin going to his house at about 10.8 on Sunday morning, the 4th inst. That was about five Irish miles from Boyle. Lavin asked for a post-car. Witness said he could not supply one just then, but if he waited till after Mass he could supply him. Lavin waited till then and was supplied with a car. He gave him coppers to the amount of £2.9s or £2.12s, and witness gave him a half sovereign and the rest in silver in exchange.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 29

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing



District Inspector Rafter charged Mr Michael Lydon, Chapel Street, Boyle, with supplying drink to a man who was under the influence, named Luke Hannon on the night of the 9th May. Hannon was summoned for being drunk. Mr MacDermot appeared for Mr Lydon. Constable Gibbons deposed that on the 9th May he was passing by Mr Lydon's public house when he noticed Hannon in the shop with a lot of other people. He was drunk at the time. Subsequently he saw him out of the street staggering about, and again after some time observed him going into Mr Lydon's shop. As he was passing he saw Hannon with a glass in his hand which contained some rum hot. He asked Mr Lydon why did he supply him with it, and he said he did not, and would not supply drink to any man in that state. Cross-examined by Mr MacDermot‹Do you know that Mr Lydon is one of the most respectable publicans in town? ‹Yes: he keeps a most respectable house. There was a woman in the shop who said she gave the rum to him, but subsequently an old man got up and said he gave it to him. When you saw him coming out on the street, why did you not arrest him? ‹It was discretionary with me. He was not incapable. Mr John Lydon deposed that it was fair day, and the shop was crowded, and he did not see the man. He supplied James Cryan and Pat Cryan with two halves of rum hot but did not see Hannon there until the constable pointed him out to him. Mr MacDermot‹Did you see Hannon with the glass? No: I saw the constable with the glass. It contained one of the two halves I served to the two men. James Cryan deposed he and Pat Cryan went into Mr Lydon's on the fair day to have a drink. They called for two halves of rum hot, and while they had the drink before them Phil Hannon came into the shop. Pat Cryan handed his glass to Hannon to have a drink, and he had it in his hand when the police came in and I took it from him. He had not taken anything out of it when the two policemen came in. Pat Cryan gave corroborative evidence. The bench dismissed the case.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 30

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing

9 April 1898

A Hard Case

The following was read:‹ "Gentlemen,‹I have received an application from the Master of the Workhouse stating that he was directed by your Board to apply to me for 14s for maintenance of my father, John Crann, from 23rd September to 6th December 1897. I beg to state that I am a very poor man, having to support my wife and five small children on six acres of poor, rushy land, and am greatly distressed this year owing to the failure of my potatoes. In fact I had none for the past two years, and only for the goodness of the shopkeepers of Boyle in giving me credit from time to time to support myself and my weak young family, themselves and myself would be another burden on the rate of the Union. I kept my father for nine years, and if he will come and live with me again, I will do my best to keep him, but I have not a shilling to pay the Board for his keep, and can't do so unless I starve my children. Hoping you will take my distressed condition into your kind consideration. ‹ I am, your obedient servant, Darby Crann. Clerk‹He is certainly very poor. Mr J Mullany‹Oh, Mr Priest will approve of it. Mr Priest ‹I suppose it will be a Union charge (laughter). Chairman‹Oh, it is a divisional charge now. Clerk‹It will be a Union charge next year. Mr Priest‹I got a hard trimming the last time. I must look up and cannot be too lenient (laughter). Chairman‹You my lose the one vote next time (laughter). Mr Priest‹A burned child dreads the fire (laughter). The matter dropped.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 31

Thanks to Pat Hunt for the typing

14 May 1898

Licensing Case

Mr CH Rafter D.I. Boyle, prosecuted Mr John Priest, Chapel Street, Boyle, for an offence against the Licensing Act. Constable WJ Higgins deposed in reply to Mr Rafter‹On the night of the 26th April I was on duty with Constable McGarry at about 11.35 p.m. Our attention was attracted to the licensed premises of Mr Priest. I saw light in the shop. We knocked and entered, and found Michael Horan and Edward Cryan sitting beside the kitchen fire. There were four glasses containing traces of liquor on the table beside them. Mr Jones‹Where do they live? Constable Higgins‹In Boyle. Mr Rafter‹Did you question Mr Priest? Constable Higgins‹I did and he said they were servants of his and he told me to do my best. He said they were putting on a lock for him. He invited them in for a drink. Mr Jones‹Did you see any sign of a lock? ‹I did not. Constable McGarry asked Cryan when did he become a tradesman as he was a schoolteacher formerly and Mr Priest replied that he was now trying to earn his living. Cross-examined‹I was listening about ten minutes before I went in. I did not hear any noise or sounds of drinking before I went in. We were not kept at the door an unreasonable time. I am stationed thirteen months in Boyle. Mr Priest's house is fairly conducted. I know Mr Priest is building a new house. I know these men are in his employment. Constable McGarry corroborated Constable Higgins' evidence. Mr John Priest deposed‹These men are in my employment. That night they were putting up a lock for me in the new house. They worked until a late hour. I brought them over to my house about half past nine o'clock, and asked them what would they have. Edward Cryan said he would love a glass of porter, and Michael Horan had some wine. I kept these men in conversation until the constables entered. I swear positively that I gave those men the drink myself. I did not make any attempt to conceal anything. Those two men are in my employment. Mr Rafter‹How do you account for the four glasses? Mr Priest‹It was other customers who where drinking, and left them on the table. Mr Rafter‹Did you tell the police these men were your servants? Mr Priest‹To the best of my opinion I told them they were in my employment. Michael Horan deposed‹I am a carpenter and working for Mr Priest. I am in receipt of [...] from week to week. I have the pledge against whiskey and porter. I took it from the nuns. Mr Jones‹What is the substance of your pledge? Horan‹I took it against intoxicating liquor. Mr Jones‹Do you call port wine intoxicating liquor? Horan‹Wine is not much harm. We had finished putting on the lock at half past nine o'clock. Mr Priest invited us into the kitchen. I did not order a drink of any kind or pay for any. Edward Cryan deposed‹I remember going into Mr Priest's house that evening. It was on Mr Priest's invitation. Mr Priest asked me what would I have and I said I would have a glass of porter. I did not pay for the drink. I paid for a drink for a man for a man named Regan. It was a pint of porter he took. After reviewing the evidence, the bench imposed a fine of [...]s and costs. .]



Roscommon Herald Articles No 32

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing


He Juged [Judged] by Touch

Michael Crean, Fairymount, near Castlerea, came to Boyle on Friday week last to attend the Fair on the following day. He took lodgings in Chapel Street and retired to rest somewhat earlier than the majority of dealing men. He threw his clothes somewhere, or anywhere, on the bedroom furniture and went comfortably to sleep. He slept soundly for several hours and then awoke to find that the room was crowded with an accession of cattle buyers who had come to the fair. This did not disconcert him, but he got up quickly, picked up a trousers from a pyramid of clothing piled on the floor in careless confusion. Having donned the trousers he sauntered out to judge if the weather for the fair was going to be fine. While outside he missed from his trousers' pocket 4 pounds, 2 shillings, which he had pinned there before retiring to bed. He immediately became excited, re-entered the house and made things lively for the inmates alleging that his money had been stolen. After venting his anger, he proceeded to the police station and made a complaint about the loss of his money. Sergeant Lennon and Acting-Sergeant Cowan proceeded to the lodgings, accompanied by Crean, who, on a light being produced, exclaimed that he had put on the wrong trousers. He relied on the touch of the texture in the dark and made a mistake. Of course his own trousers was where he left it, and his money perfectly safe.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 33

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing

15 August 1896


Patrick Cryan, Ballinultha, was summoned by the Trustees of the Rockingham Estate for allowing cattle, his property, to trespass on an evicted arm adjoining his holding on the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th August. Patrick Rourke was examined and stated he was formerly tenant of the holding respecting which the complaint was made. He was evicted out of it, but had since been in occupation of it as a caretaker. Since he was evicted, the defendant's cattle have been trespassing on the holding almost every day. The defendant told him that he (witness) had no claim on the holding. On the dates mentioned, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th August, he found the defendant's cattle trespassing on the farm. Defendant - Did I not make new mearings? Rourke - You made them on your own land. Defendant - I made my fences but this man (Rourke) never made the slightest attempt to fence his land. For the past three years, he never put a stone upon the fence. Mr. Robinson - This man (the defendant) merely wants cheap grazing on the evicted farm. Defendant - We divided these mearings two years ago and I made mine. If he had made the fences, the cattle could not trespass. Mr. Robinson - I could now apply for an order to compel this man to make the fences. Mr. Bull announced that the defendant would have to pay a compensation, amounting in all to 26 shillings for the trespass of the cattle on the four days mentioned in the case.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 34

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing

17 Oct 1896


John Farrell of Knockalaghta, summoned John Cryan, Catherine Cryan and Pat Cryan, of same place for assaulting him on the 3rd of October. Mr. Scroope appeared for complainant. John Farrell deposed - On the 3rd of October, I was putting in hay for Mr. Cotton, at Knockalaghta. John Cryan came up to me. He had a hay fork in his hand. He made several attempts with it at me. I made for Paul Hanly's house. Mrs. Cryan caught a hold of me to hold me for her husband and son. They caught me going in the door; they would kill me only for Mr. Hanly, and Mrs. Cryan scraped my face. To Capt. McTernan - I do not know what was the cause of the row. Mr. Paul Hanly deposed - I remember the 3rd of October. Farrell rushed to my door. I was in the act of eating my dinner. There was a crowd outside. I separated them as well as I could. I could not recognise what they did to complainant, I was so excited. I did my best to "quell the riot." To Capt McTernan - I did not hear of any cause for the row. I heard they said the night before they would murder the complainant. Capt McTernan - Where do you bury your dead down there? (laughter) Pat Cryan (defendant) stated - My father told John Farrell to bring on the butts of hay, and not be giving them to Paul Hanly - that he wanted to head the "cocks" with them. He also called my mother a "pig" and a "trough." Capt McTernan - It is a row in a teacup. Pat Hanly deposed - I remember the day in question. There were three of us on a cart of "butts." I went up on the load with Farrell. Higgins was bringing the "butts" to Hanly. J. Cryan came on with a fork. He told Farrell to come down off the load. John Cryan struck the horse. Farrell would not come down. Mrs. Cryan came up. They chased Farrell. I heard Farrell call Mrs. Cryan a bag of dirt. Captain McTernan - It was a miserable wrangle to bring up. Each of the defendants is fined 2s and 5s costs.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 35

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing

Oct 31 1896


Mary Cryan, Mullinabreena, Tubbercurry, sued John Grady, "Powellsboro,' for 16 pounds - 10 s, the value of a heifer, 5 pounds for a promissory note and 1 pound for interest. Mr. Godfrey Fetherston-haugh, B.L., appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Fitzgerald for the defendant. Mary Cryan swore to the debt being due, and in cross-examination by Mr. Fetherstone-haugh, said - Grady went to England after his marriage with my sister. I remained living in the house for five years with his wife. Grady helped to put a crop in the land the first year, and her father, of course, got his share of it. So did Grady, who stopped for eleven weeks in the house: His wife was her sister. The one year he came home, he got his share of the crop, but none for the other four. He sent home 1 pound the first year. He brought an ejectment against witness, who held possession till last July assizes. Her father had a cow and a heifer at the time, five years ago, which he sold. Mr. Fetherston-haugh said Grady got no consideration on his marriage into this small holding. These people repented for allowing their daughter to marry him. Mary Cryan was to give up all claims to the place on getting 5 pounds and a heifer, and Grady was to get it under the agreement produced. The Cryans, however, took possession, and kept him out for four years 'ei et armis' [?] until he got them ejected by a decree of the Judge of Assize. Grady said he married a daughter of John Cryan in 1892. There was an agreement on the occasion of the marriage by which he was to give to Mary Cryan the heifer in his possession and a note of land for 5 pounds. After setting the crop that year, he went to England and returned home on Christmas Eve. He remained there eleven weeks, but did not get a bit of the crop, having to support his wife and himself. He had to go back to England to support himself. It was only in last July he got into the land. After the marriage, he gave a two year old in-calf heifer to Mary Cryan, which she sent to graze. Witness never had the heifer since, for Mary Cryan sold her. The father-in-law is one and a half years dead. Mr. Fetherston-haugh said the agreement reserved a right of sustenance to the old man. His honor said 'prima facie' there was a case against Grady, but there was constructive satisfaction of the claim against him. Mr. Fitzgerald, pointing to a rather haggard matron of uncertain years, asked Grady did he marry this young lady here. Grady - Call her what you like (laughter). Fitzgerald - She is 20 years older than you? Grady - I suppose so. Fitzgerald - You married this snug little farm? Had you any money the year you were married? Grady - I had two good heifers. Fitzgerald -And you expected by marrying this respectable old lady - There she is there for anybody to look at (laughter). How long did you remain there? Grady - Eleven weeks. Fitzgerald - Quite enough for a honeymoon (laughter). Then you went away to England and returned on Christmas Eve? Grady - Yes. Fitzgerald - You stayed a short time then? Grady - I could not stay any longer. Fitzgerald - And eventually you brought an ejectment decree against your own wife, who had to go into the workhouse? Grady - She was only one night in the workhouse, and I am paying for a place for her now. Fitzgerald - Oh, but she is not living with you, you got the farm and your wife is nowhere. Grady - No matter, I have to pay for her. Fitzgerald - Did you give Mary Cryan the heifer? Grady - I did. Fitzgerald - Was it you bought the heifer? Grady - My father bought it with my money. Michael Grady swore he bought a heifer for his son, which Mary Cryan got three days after the son's marriage, and put out on Martin Mullany's land. The heifer was sold at Ballymote September fair by Mary Cryan and her father. His Lordship gave a decree for 5 pounds.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 36

Thanks to Maureen McCourt Nantista for the typing

7 January 1899

An Assault

Pat Cryan, Mohill, summoned Bryan Connolly, of the same place, with unlawfully assaulting and beating him. Connolly had a cross-case. Cryan deposed he was going down Mr. Reynolds’s gateway, and Connolly was in holds with an old man whom he did not know. He told him to let the old man go, and when he did Connolly struck him, and they knocked other [sic] down. Connolly afterwards followed him down to the yard, to where he was working, and struck him. To defendant – I did not ask you to fight when you came up. Pat Reynolds deposed about 6 p.m. on the evening of the 22nd, and they were both fighting with other. He thought to make them settle it, but it was no good. Defendant – You were there at the commencement? Witness – No, I was not. The cross-case was then gone into. Connolly was deposed, and swore that he was talking to the old man, and Cryan came up and asked him to fight, and he said he would not. He asked him down the yard, and when they went down, they struck other [sic] but Cryan struck him first. By the chairman – The old man is not here. John Cryan deposed that he was passing down the street, and he saw the two of them in the gateway, and they both got seconders, and he was second for Connolly. Chairman – Tell us about the fight. Connolly – When they went down the road, they made "a shake" at other [sic], and Reynolds made peace. Chairman – You will be each fined 5s., and costs.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 37

Thanks to Maureen McCourt Nantista for the typing

16 December 1899


Andrew Crann prosecuted Thomas Hever and Betty Dyer, Ballymote, for assaulting him. Crann desposed he was in Mr. Keenan’s public-house, and was standing at the counter, when Hever knocked him down with a box, and then Hever and Dyer dragged him out to the street, and both of them kicked him. Himself and Hever had some difference last July. Dyer – Did I not tell you that you were a foolish man to be following Hever? – You did not. Mr. Patrick Keenan deposed Hever and Dyer were in the room of the public-house having a drink, and Crann and some other men came into the shop. He refused to supply Crann with drink, for he knew after the row himself and Hever had at the sports, there would be some disturbance. As Crann was going out Hever struck him a box, and he (witness) shoved them all out. Dyer – Did you see me do anything? – You told him it was a shame for him to be raising a row in the shop. Michael Crann, brother of plaintiff, deposed that Dyer dragged the plaintiff out on the street, and both of the defendants kicked him. Hever – Did you not strike me outside the door? – I did not. Michael Price, for the defence, deposed he did not see Dyer strike Crann at all. Mr. Henn – Could he have struck him without your seeing him? – Well I could not say. Mr. Henn – Well, head-constable, what is the character of these men? Head-constable Macken said that since the 9th July there is a bad feeling between Crann and Hever. On that day Crann seriously assaulted Hever, since when the feeling between them is very bad. The three of them were regular pugilists (laughter). Mr. Henn – What is the record against Hever? – There is not much against Hever. He was up a couple of times for drunkenness. I could not give Dyer or Crann a good character. Mr. Henn – I would certainly stop this rowdyism in the town. Head-constable – As regards Hever and Crann. I am afraid there will be bad work between them yet. Mr. Henn said they would fine Dyer and Hever 10s. 6d. each. They would also have to enter into bail themselves in £5. and two sureties in £2 10s. each to keep the peace for six months, or in default go to jail for one month.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 38

Thanks to Maureen McCourt Nantista for the typing

2 April 1898

The Election of Schoolmaster

The clerk said that with reference to the election of schoolmaster on that day he thought some little illegality might arise regarding the powers of the old members of the Board to vote, and accordingly asked the opinion of the Local Government Board on the matter. This was the reply he received: – "Local Government Board, "Dublin, 19th March 1898 "Sir – I am directed by the Local Government Board for Ireland to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 17th instant, relative to the proposed appointment of a schoolmaster of the workhouse of Boyle Union, and in reply to your inquiry I am to state that the guardians of the present year will be entitled to act on the 26th instant unless you shall have previously made your return of the election of guardians for the ensuing year.– I am, sir, your obedient servant "THOS. A. MOONEY, Secretary" The election was then preceded with, and the applicants were: Michael Joseph McHugh, Knockvicar; John Rafferty, Battlefield, Ballymote; Peter McManamy, Carrowcrory; Edward Cryan, Keash; James Tansey, Gurteen; and Matthew Murphy. Each of the applicants were called before the Board and questioned as to their qualifications and abilities. Mr. Murphy said he had not a certificate of birth, but he was about 24 years of age. He was engaged teaching at a place called Annaghmore. Mr. Quinn – I think we can take it he is 24 years of age. Clerk – I will have to state his age on the query sheet. Mr. Clark thought they could accept him. Chairman – It is for the Board to say. Mr. Mullany – It is for the Board of National Education, and the Local Government Board afterwards. He was accepted. Mr. Rafferty stated he was for a number of years in the Training College, Waterford, and produced a recommendation from the Reverend Brother relative to his conduct and abilities whilst there. He also produced several certificates from educational departments, including mathematic [sic], science and art, drawing, etc. The chairman said Mr. Rafferty had very good qualifications. Mr. Whyte – Have you ever had a school? Mr. Rafferty – No; never, sir, except for acting for others when sick. Mr. Whyte – Why should a man not have a school with such qualifications as you? Mr. Rafferty – This part of the country is pretty fully stocked with teachers, sir. Mr. McManamy said he was 25 years of age, and was classed second of third class. He produced recommendations from Rev. Cannon Loftus, P.P., Ballymote; Rev. T. Morris, Naas; the Rev. Father Scully, Keash; and Rev. Father Connolly, Achill. Mr. Cryan said he did not know his age, but was a second class teacher. He produced testimonials from Rev. Cannon Kelly, Cootehall,; and Rev. Father Scully, Keash. Mr. Tansey said he was 23 years of age. Mr. McHugh stated he was 25 years of age, and was trained at Londonderry. He produced a recommendation from Rev. Cannon Kelly, Cootehall. After the candidates had retired, Mr. Whyte said he had great pleasure in proposing Mr. McHugh. He was seconded by Mr. Quinn. Mr. John Kelly (Lisballely) proposed Mr. Tansey, and he was seconded by Mr. Gardiner. Colonel Cooper proposed Mr. Rafferty, and he was seconded by Mr. McGettrick. Mr. McManamy was proposed by Mr. Clarke, and seconded by Mr. O’Brien. Mr. Grogan proposed Mr. Cryan, and he was seconded by Mr. Lynch. Mr. Murphy was not proposed or seconded, but eventually Mr. P. Mullany said he would propose him in order to put him in the running. He was seconded by Mr. Costello. The voting was then taken up and the following was the result of First Poll. For McHugh: - Messrs. Whyte, Mulhall, Fry, Cogan, Patterson, J. Mullany, Mulloy, H. Lawrence, Brady, McDermott, Lindsay, S. Lawrence, J. McDonagh, Murray, Higgins, Gillespie, McHugh, Quinn – 13. For Rafferty: - Messrs. Lloyd, chairman, Cooper, Crichton, C. Cox, Finan, T. A. Cox, Kelly (Ballinameen), P. Mullany, McGettrick – 10. For McManamy: - Messrs. Gardiner, Dolan, O’Brien, Sharkey, Clarke, Gray – 6. For Cryan: - The MacDermotroe, Messrs. Lynch, Grogan, McLoughlan, Priest – 5. For Murphy: - Mr. Costello – 1. For Tansey: - Mr. Kelly (Lisballely) – 1. Murphy, Tansey and Cryan then dropped out. Final Poll For McHugh: - Messrs. Whyte, Mulhall, The MacDermotroe, Fry, Cogan, Patterson, Lynch, Grogan, J. Mullany, Mulloy, H. Lawrence, Brady, McDermott, Lindsay, S. Lawrence, McDonagh, McLoughlan, Murray, Higgins, Gillespie, Priest, McHugh, Quinn – 23. For Rafferty: - Messrs. Lloyd, chairman, Cooper, Crichton, C. Cox, Finan, T. A. Cox, Kelly (Ballinameen); P. Mullany, McKettrick – 10. For McManamy: - Messrs. Gardiner, Dolan, Costelloe, O’Brien, Kelly, Sharkey (Lisballely); Clarke, Gray – 8. McHugh was then accordingly declared elected by a majority of 13 over Rafferty, and 15 over McManamy. He returned thanks to the Board, and said he would do all in his power to meet their requirements and give satisfaction. The Board then adjourned.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 39

Thanks to Maureen McCourt Nantista for the typing

11 June 1898

An Appeal

The first case was an appeal of Mr. John Priest, publican, Chapel Street, Boyle against a decision of the magistrates presiding at Boyle petty sessions for an alleged breach of the Licensing Act, in which he was fined 10s. In a second case on the same day, in which he was fined a £1, he also appealed. Mr. P. C. P. MacDermott appeared for Mr. Priest, and Mr. St. Geo. Robinson appeared for the Crown. Constable Higgins deposed in reply to Mr. Robinson – I am stationed in Boyle; I remember the 26th April. I was on duty that evening along with Constable McGarry about 11:35. Mr. Priest had a licensed public-house in Eaton’s Lane, Boyle. Whilst passing the house we observed light, and heard talking in the bar. We remained for some time at the door, and afterwards we knocked, and were admitted by the publican. We found two men seated at the kitchen fire – Michael Horan and Edward Cryan. Both those men belong to Boyle. There were four glass measures on the table beside them, one containing porter, and another containing some liquor resembling wine. I questioned Mr. Priest as to what brought those men there, and he said they were his servants. He also told me to do my best, and to test the case. Horan said he came there to put up a lock for Mr. Priest. Mr. Priest said they came there after 10 o’clock, and afterward he contradicted himself, and said they were there before 10 o’clock. Constable McGarry asked when had Mr. Cryan become a tradesman, as he was formerly a school teacher, and Cryan said he was Mr. Priest’s servant also, and he was putting up a lock along with Horan. It is a new house Mr. Priest is building, which is opposite the licensed premises, and on which they were putting on the lock. Mr. MacDermot – They say one story is good until another is told, and we will get to the other side to explain it. Mr. Priest told you to do your best, and test it. Constable Higgins – Yes. And you thought it was a very nice case to bring to the court? – No. You are aware that Mr. Priest is building one of those fine new houses on the other side of the street? – Yes. And there are several tradesmen working at it? – Two to my knowledge. Don’t you know that it takes more than two to build a house? Do you know that Cryan and Horan work there? – Yes. Can you say at what time they gave up working on that day? – No. Mr. Priest told you they were his servants, who were working late that day for him, and he brought them in and gave them a drink? – Yes. You saw one of them having porter? – No. Of course, you did not see him take it off his head. You saw one of them had port wine. He was having a more aristocratic drink than the other man, who had a glass of porter? – Yes. Now I see by a report of your evidence in the "Herald", you stated that you were thirteen months stationed in Boyle, and during that time Mr. Priest conducted his house well? – Yes. Constable McGarry gave corroborative evidence. Mr. John Priest deposed in reply to Mr. MacDermott – I have a public-house in Chapel Street. I am building a new house. Those two men are working for me. One of them is a teacher who is classed, but has no school. He is working for me as a carpenter. On this night they were working for me very late putting on a lock in the new house. I was anxious to get it finished, and that is the reason they worked so late. I am in the habit of asking them over to have a drink. Horan is kind of a teetotaller. He only drinks wine. The other man drinks porter. I did not get payment, or intend to get payment for the drink. It was between 9 and 10 o’clock when they gave over work. Cross-examined by Mr. Robinson. You are building a new house? – Yes. How many men do you have working there? – I have five. Do you bring them over every night? – Well, no; I do not. You make an exception in favour of Horan and Cryan? – I don’t bring them every night. You had Horan on your premises after hours on the 28th April, two nights after? – Yes. How long were they working for you on the 26th April? – They were working until some time between 9 and 10 o’clock. Did you think that as a publican you were keeping inside the licensing law by having those men on your premises at half-past 11? –Yes. You told the police they were your servants? – Yes. You said Horan was putting on a lock? – Yes. Did you explain to the police that the reason they were there was to take a treat from you? – If the police asked me, I would have told them. You did not think it necessary? – No. Did you lead the police to believe it was in your licensed house they were putting up the lock? – No. His Lordship – Now you seem to be a very respectable man, and on your oath how often had you those men in from time to time? – Well, I will swear positively I had Horan in after 10 o’clock two dozen times since I commenced building the house. Why did you give them those drinks? What are their wages? – Horan is earning 26s. a-week, and Cryan 23s. On your solemn oath do you make any reduction in their wages for those drinks? – On my oath I do not. Michael Horan deposed in reply to Mr. MacDermot – I am a carpenter working for Mr. Priest. I am working for him eight months. I remember the 26th April. I was working for him on that night until about half-past 9 putting on a lock. Cryan was along with me. After we had finished Mr. Priest asked us over, and brought us into the kitchen, and asked us what we would have. I don’t drink anything but wine, so he gave me a glass of Sedna wine. The other man had a glass of porter. I did not pay for the Sedna, nor was there any reduction in my wages for it. I was often in with Mr. Priest checking over timber accounts. Mr. Robinson – I suppose if you got a glass of this Sedna wine every time you went there you would not stir out of the place at all. – Possibly. More fool if you would (laughter). Edward Cryan gave corroborative evidence. His Lordship said he would hear the second case before he would give a decision. The hearing of the second appeal was then commenced. Constable Peter Dunne deposed in reply to Mr. Robinson – I was on duty with Constable Kelly on the night of the 28th April, about 11:30 p.m. I observed light in the shop of Mr. Priest, and I rapped at the door, and Mr. Priest admitted myself and Constable Kelly. I entered the shop and found Michael Horan standing at the counter, and a glass containing either whiskey or wine before him. The moment we entered, and before we had time to taste the liquor in the glass, he drank it up. I asked Mr. Priest why he had this man on the premises at that hour, and without answering me he went to the window and took down a book, and commenced to read the 54th section of the Licensing Act. I told him he had better take it up with the court, and read it to the magistrates (laughter). Cross-examined by Mr. MacDermot. He began to read the law for you? – Yes. You did not listen to the law but went out? – We went away. Did you see the liquor in the glass? – It occurred to my mind it was wine by the colour. Did you go and look at it? – No. He did not give us the opportunity. Are you a tetotaller [sic]? – Sometimes (laughter). Were you a tetotaller [sic] at that time? – Yes. Did you ever take any of this Sedna wine? – I may have. Horan drank it, and the other man began to read the law? – Yes. Constable Kelly gave corroborative evidence. Mr. Priest deposed in reply to Mr. MacDermot – On the night of the 28th April, Michael Horan was working at the new house, and I called him over to check a timber account of Mr. Sloan’s, as he has more experience of it than I have. While he was engaged in checking the account, I left down a glass of Sedna wine, and then the police rapped, and I admitted them. I did not get any payment for it. His Lordship – Don’t you see Mr. Priest what a mess you have got into? Michael Horan deposed that Mr. Priest asked him over to check a timber account of Mr. Sloan’s, and while they were engaged in going over it, the police came in. It was a glass of Sedna wine Mr. Priest gave him. Mr. MacDermot – Was it "fine old tawny" you got? – I could not say (laughter). Mr. Robinson – How often were you up for drunkenness? – I was up once. Mr. MacDermot – That is the reason he is a teetotaller now. His Lordship – On the whole I think it is an honest case, and I will reverse both decisions.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 40

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

October 16, 1897

Assault in a House

These petty sessions were held on Thursday before F.B. Henn, Esq., R.M., and J. Hannon, Esq., J.P. Assault Michael Cran, Deroon, charged two men named James Tonroe and William Snee with assaulting him. Cran deposed he was in a house of a man named Pat Kerins, when Tonroe accused him of stealing turf, and assaulted him. Snee also assaulted him. Tonroe - I have a few people to prove this man's work. Snee - Did you follow me to the house? -- I did not. John Kerins deposed - I was in the house that night. There was a bit of a scuffle, but it was worth nothing. When Snee and Cran came in, they had some words, and were arguing with one another about turf, and they struck each other. To Mr. Henn - I was trying to make peace. To Snee - Cran was arguing also; he fell on a stool, but was not on the ground. To Cran - There was a sort of a scrape on your face; I also saw blood on it. Mr. Henn - Did you see any blood on him before the fight? -- I did not, sir. To Tonroe - They were rushing at one another. Snee - Did Cran call me names? Witness - He called you "Flat feet" (laughter). A boy named Patrick Grady next deposed that when Michael Cran came in to Kerins' James Tonroe got up, and struck him. They then sat down after the row for a few minutes until he went up and asked Snee was it he told him he stole the turf. Whatever Cran said to Snee they got in "holds," they separated again, but when Snee went to put a coal in his pipe, Cran struck him. To Mr. Henn - Snee struck first, and Tonroe went into the row, and struck Cran. To Tonroe - I did not see Cran come up and strike you. To Snee - Cran was saying nothing to you. John Francis Molony deposed - When Michl. Cran came into Kerins, James Tonroe asked him did he steal his turf. Cran said he did not, and Tonroe got up and struck him a box. They were jostling up and down the house, and John Kerins made peace between them. Cran next walked up to Snee, and asked him was it he told Tonroe that he stole his turf. They jostled about too, and when Cran got up they struck him, and Tonroe kicked him. Snee - Did he strike me first? - No; he did not. Did he call me out of my name? - He called you a "Blind scut" (laughter). Mr. Henn - What is a "scut"? (laughter) A small boy named John O'Brien was next called for the defence. Mr. Henn - Were you in the house this night? -- No. Mr. Henn - Well, go down so. Mr. Henn - We have evidence that you assaulted Cran, as his face was covered with blood, and the witnesses also prove it. Tonroe is fined 5s. and 2s. 6d. costs, and Snee 2s. 6d., and 2s. 6d. costs.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 41

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

Saturday, October 24, 1896

Boyle Teachers' Association

The usual Quarterly Meeting was held on Saturday last, Mr. D. McLoughlin presiding. The following attended and paid their subscriptions after their names: Mr. Cassigy, 4s.; Messrs. D. McLoughin [sic], O'Rorke, Madden, Keany, 2s. each; Messrs. Barnes, Beirne, Kenny, Mullany, Watters, Casey, 1s. each. The following sent in their subscriptions: Mrs. Deacon, 2s.; Mr. Ludgate, 2s.; Misses Carolan, Condon, 2s. each; Misses Lane, Cryan, 1s.; Messrs. Garahan, Flynn, Cryan, 1s. each. The following resolutions were adopted unanimously: 1. "That we respectfully, but emphatically, request the Treasury to pay us the balance of £72,000, admittedly due to us under the Education Act of 1892, and, that we cannot accept a subsidy of £10,000, a year to the pension fund as an equivalent, inasmuch as the allocation of the money for this purpose benefits future teachers alone, at the expense of present teachers to whom the money is justly due." 2. "That in order to encourage self-culture and to reward a most deserving body of public servants, assistant teachers be paid the salary to which their classification entitles them." 3. "That in the interest of education the average required to entitle a school to the services of an assistant be reduced to 60 and 50 in male and female schools respectively." 4. "That we congratulate Mr. Cryan on his retirement from the Board's service, and hope he may be long spared to enjoy his well-merited pension." 5. "That we tender Mrs. McLoughlin our sincere congratulations on her recent marriage, and wish herself and her genial consort many happy years of wedded life." 6. "That we congratulate Mr. Beirne on his promotion to a principalship, and wish he may be very successful in his new sphere of duties." 7. "That Mr. Barnes be appointed treasurer of this association." 8. "That Messrs. Casey and Keany be admitted members." 9. "That this association clear with central funds for ten additional members." - F.J. Kenny, Sec.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 42

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

September 29, 1900

Ballymote Petty Sessions (Co. Sligo)

An Old Case of Trespass These petty sessions were held on Thursday, before F. B. Henn, Esq., R.M., presiding; H. Shaw, Esq., J.P.; J. Hannon, Esq., J.P.; A. O'D. Cogan, Esq., J.P.; J. O'Brien, Esq., J.P.; C. Graham, Esq., J.P. Michael Gildea, senior, Ogham, summoned Catherine Cryan, same place, for the trespass of a cow in his aftergrass. Charles Gildea, son of plaintiff, proved the trespass, and also to giving up the cow to defendant's son, and demanding trespass. Mrs. Cryan said she wanted Gildea to divide the fence between them. Thomas Cryan deposed that when Gildea gave him the cow, he offered him whatever was the amount of the trespass. Mr. Henn - Did you offer him money? - No, sir. Mr. Henn - Well, you should have done that. Mrs. Cryan, in reply to Mr. Henn, swore the fence was never divided, but they used to make it in conjunction. Gildea said he divided the fence with the late husband for the defendant, and had six men at it, and three men every year since. If she made her portion of the fence as well as he made his, he was prepared to "swop" [sic] his part with her. The bench gave a decree for sixpence trespass and costs, and on the suggestion of Mr. O'Brien it was decided to refer the division of the mearing fence to Mr. Charles Graham, Knockalass.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 43

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

January 21, 1899

The Identity of a Heifer (Extracts)

Pat Cryan sued Edward Wynne, Moygara, for £10, being the value of a heifer. Mr. MacCarthy appeared for plaintiff, and Mr. Fenton defended. Mr. Fenton ordered the witnesses out of court during the hearing of the case. Pat Cryan deposed he sent two cattle to graze to Mr. William Baker, Redhill, Mullaghroe. The cattle he sent were yearlings. He also had conacre oats from Mr. Baker and the cattle were grazing each side of it. He laboured the land himself for the crop. He settled a gray heifer on the 1st May, and a yellow one on the 9th. It was about the yellow one he was suing for. There were several yellow cattle on the land, but his was a pale yellow. He had no difficulty in finding out his own heifer from the rest of the cattle, but from what he had heard, he was aware his yellow heifer was not on the farm. When he went to the place he met Pat Mulligan, Mr. Baker's servant. When he heard his heifer was not there, he went to Wynne's place on the 3rd November, and saw the heifer there. He spoke to Mrs. Wynne, and described the heifer to her. He also saw Wynne on that day, and he refused to give up the heifer. They afterwards went to the farm together, and on the way Wynne said - "If you had the first pull you would take that heifer." They afterwards went to the house of Mathew Mulligan, and he identified the animal that had been left on the farm as Wynne's. He would say his heifer was value [sic] for about £7 15s. or £8 on the day he saw her at Wynne's. He saw the heifer since, but she was gone back in condition. Cross-examined - Your heifer had a white tail? - Partly. Did you tell Miss Baker it had? -- I did. Mrs. Wynne told you her heifer had a wart on the eye, and you said "mine had also?" - I said it was a strange thing the animal had a wart on the eye, as mine had one. Did you know the heifer that was left on the farm? -- Yes. That heifer has a white tail? -- Yes. On your oath has this heifer a white tail? -- There is a certain amount of white on her tail. Didn't you tell Mr. Baker that your heifer had a white tail? -- No. Didn't you tell me a couple of minutes ago that you told Miss Baker you identified your heifer because it had a white tail? -- If I did, I said what was wrong. Didn't Wynne say to you when you told Miss Baker that his heifer had not a white tail, that he would give you the one with the white tail? -- No, he did not. Has your heifer a white tail? -- She has. Mr. MacCarthy - You say your heifer had a wart on the eye? -- Yes. Is there a wart on the eye of the animal that has been left on the farm? -- No. You say there was a star on the forehead of the heifer on the farm? -- Yes. And there is no star on your heifer? -- No. Roger Tansey deposed de [sic] had a year-and-a-half old on Mr. Baker's farm from last year. Wynne came to him when they were taking away the cattle in November, and said there were two strawberry heifers on the farm, and asked him did one of them belong to him. Wynne had a strawberry heifer there, but did not know the animal. To Mr. Fenton - It is about a yellow heifer this dispute arose, and not about a strawberry one. Mrs. Mary Anne Cryan, wife of plaintiff, deposed she knew the heifer, and saw her five or six times while on the farm. She always knew the heifer, and could pick her out from the rest of the cattle. At the time of the dispute she went down to Wynne's along with her husband and daughter, and identified the heifer when she saw her there. She saw the heifer that is still on Mr. Baker's farm. Witness was not cross-examined. Witness was then cross-examined. Kate Cryan deposed she knew the heifers her father sent to graze to Mr. Baker. While the cattle were there she was working at the oats, and always knew the cattle. She went to Wynne's along with her father and mother, and identified the heifer when she saw her. There was a mixture of white on the tail, and a small wart on the eyelid. Cross-examined - Every time you went on the farm did you see the heifer? -- I did. And examined her carefully? -- Yes. Had your heifer a white tail? -- All the tail was not white. Michael Mulligan deposed he lived in Moygara, which was only about a quarter of a mile from Redhill, where the cattle were. He knew Cryan had two heifers, and saw them while grazing. He went down to Wynne's house to see the heifer the dispute was about, and he would swear that was the same heifer that Cryan pointed out to him on the farm as his. Cross-examined - Will you swear the same heifer we have now is the same heifer you saw as a calf on Cryan's land? -- I will swear she is the same colour. Andrew Mulligan deposed he was herding for Mr. Baker last summer. He knew one of the heifers Cryan put on the land, and he said "she was very like Ned Cryan's red heifer." He did not know which of the yellow heifers is on the farm now. Pat Queenan deposed he was a neighbour of both parties, and brother-in-law of Pat Cryan. He knew the heifer and went to see her. When he saw her he said she was Pat Cryan's heifer. He suggested when he went to Wynne's to let out the two heifers and each of them would take their own road home. Wynne would not consent to that. Cross-examined - Before there was any dispute did you go to see the heifer? -- I did. Aren't the two heifers very like each other? -- They are not. Martin Dwyer deposed he had conacre oats on Mr. Baker's land quite close to where Cryan had his. Cryan showed him the heifer on the 5th June. He went to see the heifer at Wynne's on the 4th November. He would swear that that heifer was the same heifer that Cryan pointed out to him in June. Cross-examined - Do you swear who the heifer belongs to? -- No. John Cawley deposed he was uncle of Cryan, and knew the stock Cryan had. He saw this particular heifer on the 9th May, but did not see her since. He would say the heifer presently on the farm was not Cryan's. Edward Wynne, the defendant, deposed he knew the heifer, as he had reared the animal himself. She was on his own farm until he sent her to graze on Mr. Baker's farm. He saw the animal frequently. Before he sent her to graze, she had a wart on her right eye, and a yellow tail. There was no mark on her forehead. To his Lordship - There was no white on her tail that I could remark. Examination continued - Cryan and I went before Miss Baker about the matter. She told him to bring away his calf that was now on the land and to pay the grazing. She told him that Cryan told her the heifer had a white tail. The heifer on the land now has a white tail. The heifer I have now, I pointed her out to James Mulligan, the herd [sic]. I spoke to him about the wart, and suggested that a hair should be tried on it. Cross-examined - Which of the heifers is the best? -- I would say the one I have at home is the best. You had not conacre there. - No. And you had not the same reasons for visiting the farm as he had? -- No. There is a difference in the colour of the animals? -- There is. Is the heifer you have at home white from the bone of the tail down? -- she has a yellow tail. Is the tip of that heifer's tail white? -- There are some white hairs in it. It is not white, but there is a little mixture I think. Did you ask Roger Tansey to go with you to the farm? -- I did not. I asked the herd [sic] which of the gray calves was mine. Did you say to Cryan in going over to the farm - "If you took that heifer I would take the other one?" - No. Did Queenan suggest to you that the two heifers be put on the farm and let them out, to see what road they would take? -- He did, but I refused to do so. * When did you first speak about the wart? -- In July. Has the heifer now on the farm a wart? -- No. How much difference do you think in the value of the heifers? -- About 10s. Cross-examined -- I spoke to the herd, Mulligan, about the wart first. To His Lordship -- This wart was only about the size of a pea in July. I first noticed the wart in May. I would say my heifer is of a darker yellow colour than the other one. Mrs. Wynne deposed she knew the heifer, and it had a wart on its eye before it went to graze. Miss Hannah Baker deposed the two men ___ before her at Redhill House. She heard ___ about a white tail, but heard Cryan say something about white spots. She said it would be better for them, as neighbours, to settle the matter. James Mulligan, the herd on the farm, deposed he saw Wynne several times on the farm. Wynne asked him did he notice any wart on his heifer in July, before there was any dispute at all. Cross-examined - Did Wynne ask you about the grey heifers? -- He did. He did not know them, and asked you about them? -- He did. To His Lordship - I had 32 cattle under my charge. Wynne asked me about the wart, and he said it was not much larger than a pea. I said I had another animal with a wart. I tied a hair on it. I thought it was falling off. Wynne make a mistake about the grey heifer. Part of the tail of the heifer on Mr. Baker's farm is white. I never remarked a wart on the heifer presently on the farm. Pat Mulligan deposed Cryan came down and asked him where was his heifer and he told him she was in the bull paddock. Cryan saw some cattle belonging to Miss Baker and mistook one of them for his own. He told him it was not and he said no, that his heifer had a white spot on her tail. He brought him down to the paddock, and Cryan and the one there was not his heifer at all. He was there when Cryan brought his cattle there but he could not say is the one there now his. He could never detect any wart on the heifer's eye. Cryan ___ in reply to his lordship, stated that on the 24th June he had a conversation with Michael Mulligan about the wart. His Lordship - I could not doubt the evidence of the woman. I will give a decree for £8.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 44

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

October 27, 1900


Pat Cawley, Carrigeens Upper, prosecuted John Cairns, Knockadalteen, for trespass on the lands of Mary Cryan, of Carrigeens Upper, with dogs in pursuit of game, on the 6th October. Mr. Fitzgerald appeared for the Game Preservation Society to prosecute, and Mr. R. K. Tamplin defended. Cawley deposed that on the 6th October he saw the defendant, who is a labourer, with another man in Upper Carrigeens. He was on the lands of Mary Cryan with two greyhounds. The other person had a dog also. They ran away when they saw him, but he ran after them. The defendant had a hare and a rabbit under his arm, and threw them away when he saw him. Mr. Tamplin said he would plead guilty to the charge. His client would give a personal undertaking not to interfere with the lands in future, and not be the means of allowing his dogs to trespass there. He would ask the Bench to deal leniently with the case, as Cairns was a poor boy. Mr. Fitzgerald said if he were a very poor boy he did not see how he could afford to keep two greyhounds without intending to make profit by them. One point in his favour was that he never appeared in court before. Mr. Henn said the majority of the magistrates decided to fine him 7s. 6d. and costs, or in default, seven days imprisonment. He was sorry he could not agree with the decision of the magistrates, as he would be inclined to impose a heavier penalty.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 45

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

September 18, 1897

Telling What They Did

T. Hennigan charged T. Cryan with assaulting him on the 16th July. Hennigan deposed - He came into the house and caught me by the neck, and tried to choke me. He also tore my neck with his nails. Defendant - Did you tell the mistress that I kicked the cow? Complainant - I did. Defendant - I only gave her a slap, and he went and told Mrs. Goulding that I kicked her. Hennigan had Cryan charged with assault - him on the 16th August, because he told Mrs. Goulding that Cryan drowned her dog. He took him by the shoulder and shook him, and threatened to cut the head off him with the scythe. Chairman - We will take a lenient view of the case, as this is your first time to be up here. You are fined 2s. 6d. and 2s. costs for the first offence and 2s. 6d. for the second.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 46

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing

 26 August 1899


On Thursday morning the news of a tragedy of some dire description reached Longford as having been enacted the previous day at Ballinalee, and our representative set forth immediately to investigate the matter. The details of the occurrence are sad, and of such a nature as happily very rarely occurs in Ireland. A man named John Crane, aged 45 years, a respectable farmer of independent means, residing at Soran, about a mile from the village of Ballinalee, committed suicide on Wednesday by cutting his throat. The act was a most determined one, as when Sergeant Tierney, who arrived on the scene some time after the occurrence, went to take the razor from the dead man’s hand, he found it clutched so firmly that it took considerable effort to remove it; and the unfortunate man’s head was severed almost completely from the body. The news of the affair spread like wildfire throughout the district, and in its circulation assumed various aspects tending to make it more gruesome still. Father Connolly, C.C., Ballinalee, was summoned, and proceeded to the place with all possible haste, but the man was dead before his arrival. On Thursday an inquest was held by Dr. M. D. Gray, Drumlish, coroner for North Longford, and the following jury – James Trapp (foreman), Michl Lee, James Archibald, John Gilnagh, sen.; Myles McGill, John Gilnagh, jun.; John Scanlan, Peter Maguire, Thomas Reynolds, John Reynolds, William McLoughlin and James McLoughlin. Joseph Cosgrove did not answer, and Edwd Coyle was excused. Coroner (to the jury) – Gentlemen, you will now have to view the body. It is a sad case, but not a difficult one to inquire into the cause and circumstances of the death of poor Crane. The jury then went out to another room to view the body, and on their return, John Gorman was first sworn as follows – I live in Kiltycrovagh, and I am a brother-in-law of the deceased. I was working with him at the time of his death. I was the first to see him after his death. It was about 11 o’clock on yesterday. I was over in the fields reaping on Wednesday morning, and his brother-in-law – his wife’s brother, was with me. His name is John Smyth. I came over about 10”30 o’clock in the morning from the field for a drink and I asked Mrs. Crane where was John, and she told me he was after digging some potatoes, and he came in along with her, and came up to the room and ‘threw’ himself on the bed. She told me then that he came down again, and was after walking out to the garden and she told me to go out and see if he was in the garden. I went into the garden and looked up and down both sides of the ditch and could not see him. I then came back to the cock of hay, and got him at the cock of hay. He was sitting up against the cock of hay, where the sergeant saw him later on. The life was only in him when I found him at the time. Coroner – How did you know the life was in him? Witness – Well I found him breathing. Coroner – Was it out on his throat he was breathing? Witness – I only found the “draw” on him. Continuing – He was lying back against the cock of hay and his throat was cut, and I thought I would be able to bring the priest before he would die, and I ran for the priest. I saw nothing in his hand at the time, but there was blood on his clothes. I saw his throat cut. I ran into the house first, and told his wife not to go into the garden till I and the priest would come back. I told her “he was all as one as dead” and I told her brother to come over and keep her from going into the garden. By what they tell me I consider he was dead before I was at Ned Coyle’s. I came back to the garden, and saw his head hanging down on his side. He was not then the same as I saw him at first, because when the life went out of him his head fell down. I then came in and got a towel and put it over him. I then saw a razor in his hand – in his right hand. I didn’t take the razor out of his hand. I didn’t go near him again though I was in the garden until the police came. The priest came before the police, and he said he was with the deceased some weeks before that. He pronounced Crane dead at the time. He was ailing for some time before that – he was complaining of a ‘beating’ on his heart. He was at the sea and when he came back, he complained of a pain in his head. He was attended by Dr. Mayne in Longford or Dr. Cochrane, I am not sure which, but he was with some doctor anyway. He was with the doctor a week before his death, and he have him a bottle, and told him to go back that day – that was the day of his death. I saw him that morning and I noticed nothing strange about him, and he was in his usual nature. I assisted to remove him into the house from the cock of hay, where he was found. Mary Crane, wife of the deceased was next sworn, and deposed – I saw my husband alive about 10 o’clock on Wednesday morning. He had been complaining for some time of his stomach, and later it turned to a “beating” on his heart. He went to the sea, and after he came back he complained of his head. He went on Wednesday week – the 16th August – to Dr. Cochrane in Longford. He was to go the day of his death again. Dr. Cochrane gave him a prescription and he got the medicine in Wilson’s Medical Hall. I did not notice anything peculiar about him on that morning, or since he went to the doctor; there was no change in him on the days previous to his death. He used to tell me from time to time that he was suffering, and I thought it was more imagination than real disease. He used to smoke a great deal, and used to drink a great deal of tea. They also said he was suffering from nervousness. Coroner – Did he not go to five or six doctors? Witness – He went to four. Coroner – Well, that was enough to kill him! Witness continuing – I was with him at the sea, and he always ate heartily there. We were back about two weeks from the sea, and he was as well from that time up to the time of his death. On Wednesday morning he went out and dug some potatoes for me, and I picked them. He came into the house then, and went up to the room, and rested a while on the bed, and walked out again, and that was the last of him I saw ‘till I saw him dead. When my brother-in-law came in for a drink I asked him, “Did you see John out there?” and he said he did not, so I told him see if he was out about the garden, while I was getting the drink for him. District Inspector Padwell, Granarl (who watched the proceedings on behalf of the Crown) – Why did you tell him to look for him? Mrs. Crane – I wanted him to come to Longford to the doctor. - What did he tell you when he came back? - He said John was nearly dead, and for me not to go into the garden till he came back. That is all. Sergeant John Tierney, Ballinalee, was next sworn, and deposed as follows: - This occurrence was reported to me at a quarter to one o’clock on yesterday by Tom Murphy, of Soran. I met him on the road, and heard that the man had cut his throat. Murphy told me that John Crane was after cutting his throat, and was dead. Constable Muldoon immediately came on here, and found him in the garden lying on his left side, and a razor case at his right side, and about a foot or two from his right hand, and his hat was on the ditch a few feet away. I told the people not to remove the body till I got the permission of the Coroner. I wired to the Coroner, and he gave permission to let the relatives remove the deceased into the house. I afterwards saw the body removed into the house. When I took the razor out of his hand, I took possession of it, and I had it here – it is covered with blood. Coroner – I don’t want it – it is a dangerous weapon! Sergeant Tierney – It is, sir. Coroner – I don’t know what you will do with it – I don’t suppose there are many of the relative would wish to keep it as an heirloom. Here some of the jurors began to chat in audible tones in the corner of the room on some engrossing subject, such as the weather, when the Coroner interposed – “That will do! You are terrible fellows on the jury to being to chat in this manner!” Dr. Maguire here started to write out the result of his examination of the body, and while so engaged, the Coroner, addressing Sergeant Tierney, said – “Who is that man who did not appear?” Sergeant Tierney – The man who served the summons is here, and he has just told me it was not served personally. Coroner – It is not necessary to serve it personally when it was served two hours previous to the inquest. Sergeant Tierney – Well the man was not at home – he was away at the forge, and they thought he would be back. Coroner – No matter – he should be here! Sergeant Tierney – I would respectfully ask you not to fine him, as he is a poor man. Coroner – It would be better to fine him, and make him jump at the tune of 2 pounds. Sergeant Tierney – He is a poor man. A Juror – He is a widow’s son, and his mother and other brother are away in Longford and there is no one at home but himself. Coroner – No matter. If every one of you could get off that way we would get no jury. The same juror – Well, he is a poor man. Coroner – He would be poorer when he would pay 2 pounds. I will let him off this time with a caution, but if we had only enough with him, we might be kept until another day to proceed with the inquest. Dr. Maguire then handed in his written statement as to what he found on examination of the body, and in it he said – “ I have this day examined the body of John Crane, who was apparently about 45 year of age. The body was fairly well nourished. On the neck I found an incised wound, which severed the windpipe and all the arteries. There were not other marks of violence. I am of the opinion that death was caused by haemorrhage, due to the bleeding from the wound on his neck, which was caused by some sharp instrument.” Coroner – Have any of the jurors any questions to ask? Several Jurors – No. Coroner – Well gentlemen, I suppose it is plain you will find a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony. A Juror – Yes, we agree with that. Coroner – Will you add that the wound was self-inflicted while suffering from temporary insanity? Dr. Maguire – Yes, that would be necessary. Several jurors said they believed the deceased was temporarily insane when he committed the act, and the Coroner wrote out a verdict in accordance, which was signed by all the jurors, and the inquest terminated.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 47

Thanks to Ellen Herron for the typing

15 Sept 1900


District Inspector Fitzsimmons prosecuted Mr. Martin Cryan, Keash, for a breach of the Sunday Closing Act, on Sunday 2nd September. Patrick Regan, Treanmacmurtagh, and Dominick Sheerin, Tully, were also summoned for being found on the premises on the occasion. Sergeant Conry deposed that on Sunday, 2nd September, he was on duty at 3:15 p.m. Before he entered the premises of Mr. Cryan, he saw Pat McDermott, Mr. Cryan’s servant, standing on the road in front of the house, looking in every direction. He was concealed, and McDermott could not see him. While McDermott was standing on the road he closed on him. As he approached, McDermott made a burst across the road in the direction of the public house. He called on him to stand, and asked him if there were any parties inside, and he said no, that Mr. Cryan was in bed. When going to the door he saw Patrick Regan and Dominick Sheerin at the bar through the window. He entered hurriedly, and met Sheerin rushing into the kitchen. Sheerin, when questioned as to his presence, said he came there for sweets, and Regan said he came for tobacco. As he entered he saw Mrs. Cryan take some glasses off the top rail of the counter, and put them on a lower rail. Constable Brennan gave corroborative evidence. Mrs. Margaret Cryan, the wife of the publican, deposed the two boys, Sheerin and Regan, came to the front door, and she asked them what did they want. Regan said he wanted tobacco, and Sheerin said he came for some groceries. They were in the house only a few minutes when the sergeant came in. They asked for no drink or got no drink. Regan gave evidence as to having come for tobacco, and Sheering as to having come for groceries. Mr. Fitzsimmons, D.I., said there was another case against Mr. Cryan for the same date, and perhaps they would hear all the cases together. Mr. Cryan was then prosecuted for supplying drink to Joseph Walsh, Greenane, and another man from Carrowkeel, on Sunday evening, 2nd September. Sergeant Conroy deposed that on the same evening he went, along with Constable Mulvey, to Cryan’s at about 9 o’clock. They concealed themselves close to the front door. At 9:30 Walsh came to the door and knocked. He heard a voice, which he knew was the publican’s inquire from the inside “who was there.” Walsh said he was a traveller, and was immediately admitted. About five minutes elapsed until the other man came up. He went to the front door, and went to push it in. Mrs. Cryan came and opened it, and bid him “good night” and allowed him in. He was only a few minutes inside when he came out accompanied by Walsh. Mr. Cryan came to the door, and stood outside for about two or three minutes, and the man who was along with Walsh asked Mr. Cryan for the loan of his horse to draw hay. Mr. Cryan said he would give him the horse, hands down. He saw Mrs. Cryan go in and draw some porter, which she handed in a gallon to her husband, across the counter. Mr. Cryan carried it out to the door and called Paddy (meaning the servant boy, Pat McDermott). “Here” said Mr. Cryan, “take that, and be careful.” He saw McDermott take the gallon to the road, and stand between Walsh and the other man. They got into a group, and as they (the police) jumped across the wall, the person who was holding the can of porter threw it up, and it fell on the hedge beside them. Walsh ran into the house, and he followed him, and when questioned, denied he was outside at all. He asked the other man why he was drinking porter on the road, and he said he was not drinking porter at all, or saw not drink. McDermott denied he took out the gallon at all. He (sergeant) showed the gallon to McDermot, and asked him was it his, and he said it was not. In reply to Mr. Tamplin, who defended, he said Walsh is a nephew to Mr. Cryan. Constable Mulvey gave corroborative evidence. Mr. Cryan was examined and deposed that Walsh is a relative of his, and is every day in his house. The men did not ask for drink that night, or he did not sent out any. He was in the habit of lending his horse to the other man, who, on this day asked him for the loan of the horse, which he gave him. He (Mr. Cryan) asked him to have a drink, but he refused to take it. No porter left his house that night. Similar evidence was given by Walsh and the other men. Mr. Tamplin having addressed the bench, Mr. Henn said as regards the first case, the magistrates had not the slightest doubt there was a breach of the law committed. Sergeant Conry, in reply to Mr. Henn, said there were two previous convictions against the house. Mr. Henn said that in the first case they would fine Mr. Cryan 1 pound and costs, and Regan and Sheering, who were found on the premises, would be finds 2s, 6d. each and costs. As regards the second case, they would fine Mr. Cryan 1 pound and costs, and order the conviction to be endorsed on the license. The two men who were there on the occasion would be fined 2s 6d. each and costs. He must say if he were trying the case himself he would endorse both convictions on the license.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 48

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

April 4, 1896

Boyle Quarter Sessions

Damages for Seduction John Cryan, Culthacreighton, sued John M'Elroe for the sum of £20, damages for the seduction of his daughter, Catherine Cryan. Mr. P.C.P. MacDermot appeared for plaintiff, and Mr. W. J. Robinson for the defendant. Catherine Cryan deposed that he seduced her on the 7th January, 1894, and she became a mother on the 7th October, 1894. She denied having ever been seduced by any other person. When she complained to him, he advised her to jump off a wall. John Cryan, the plaintiff, said the defendant was almost every day in his house - at least, four evenings in the week - after coming from Ballinameen with the post. He first heard about his seducing his daughter a few months before the child was born. He then spoke to him and asked him what he was going to do. M'Enroe said he did not know. He met him again shortly afterwards when coming to the market, and again he said he did not know what to do. Mrs. Cryan, mother of Catherine Cryan, said she asked him what he was going to do about it one day when coming to Boyle. He said that he knew what he was going to do, and that was what he would do. Her daughter told her that he said she should go in to the workhouse for twelve months, and that he would then pay her way to America. Several other witnesses were examined for the plaintiff. The defendant was called. He admitted seducing the girl, but disputed the time. He did not care whether a decree was granted against him or not; he would never pay a penny on it. He would resign his situation. Furthermore, if the decree were granted against him on the process, he would proceed against Cryan for defamation of character (laughter). His Honor said he was a dare-devil character, and, from the manner in which he gave his evidence, an impertinent one. He would grant a decree for £10 against him.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 49

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

July 4, 1896

Outdoor Relief in Breedogue

The Local Government Board wrote forwarding a letter which they had received from John Higgins, Ballinvoher, Frenchpark, relative to the administration of outdoor relief in the Breedogue electoral division: -- "I must respectfully beg leave to write to you regarding the greatest imposition that has been used in the electoral division of Breedogue for the last three years by giving Pat Cryan Ballinvoher, money at the expense of the rate payers of the division. We beg to protest against such being allowed be the division, Pat Cryan holds 18 acres 1 rood 7 perches statute of the cheapest land on the estate. By the allowance of reduction he is getting, he is paying yearly only £3 15s 3d for all that of land. I have known Cryan this present year to get £5 10s from Edward Neary, money in hand for grazing on part of the grass. I have known him to get £2 10s for oats from Tom Murren, and before this in January £6 0s 9d for con-acre, both money in hand and on the 1st May he got £5 for young pigs Cryan also keeps an entire pig, and I calculate he makes £20 a year by that means. He has also a car, and his son and himself are earning 2s a day. Pat Cryan had got £3 8s some time before unaware of the ratepayers for his wife. She framed herself sick at the time, and kept so for a considerable time in hopes to be bringing the money off the division. Pat Cryan had at that time two stacks of corn in his haggard but he wanted to eat his neighbour's share before his own, and I say, gentlemen, he has a right to be make pay it back again. I hope, gentlemen you will caution the guardians of the Boyle workhouse to put a restraint to this, and also caution the relieving-officer not to give money to a landholder such as Pat Cryan. He has applied now at present for £3 to clothe his daughter, I suppose for America. I have known this girl could have earned £5 for the last 12 months at her service. I was present when she was offered £1 5s a quarter. She is at home with her idle mother during that time. Now they want the ratepayers of the division to give her demands, which we object to. I can state all this before the board of guardians in Boyle." R.O. Banahan was called before the board, and stated that, by the direction of Dr. Coen, Pat Cryan's wife received l2 14s in provisional relief about four years ago, after her confinement. Mr. Cox said that the sum of l1 was lately applied for by him, with the approval of a number of the ratepayers, of whom Higgins was one, to enable Cryan's daughter to emigrate to America. Higgins even wanted to make it 30s. Some John Higgins applied for relief some time ago, and he thought it extraordinary. He must have had little to do, to sit down and write such a tissue of statements. Relieving-officer Banahan said that the Cryans never got any relief but the £2 14s. The chairman made a note to this effect on Higgins' letter, and the discussion ceased.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 50

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

March 25, 1899

The Identity of a Grave

Mary Kilmartin prosecuted Laurence McDermott, Ballinultha, for trespassing on a plot, her property, in a certain graveyard. Mary Kilmartin deposed the last member of her family who was buried in the plot was her brother, who died eight or nine years ago. This was the same grave in which McDermott buried his wife. She never gave him any permission to use the plot. Laurence McDermott applied for an adjournment for the attendance of a man named Hugh Rorke, but the case was proceeded with. James Cryan, Ballinultha, deposed he was one of the men that made the grave for Mrs. McDermott's remains. He could not prove that it was the same grave Mrs. Kilmartin complained of now. Mr. Jones - Did you point out to this man the place his wife is buried? Complainant - No. I did not, sir. Mr. Jones - Did you ask Cryan to go to the graveyard and show you the grave in which Larry McDermott buried his wife? Complainant - No, sir. Mr. Jones told her to bring Cryan with her to the graveyard, and get him to show here the grave he dug and in which Larry McDermott's wife was buried, and if she could prove that was the grave her family was buried, that was all they (the bench) required. The case was accordingly adjourned until next court day.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 51

Thanks to Leslie Poche for the typing

December 18, 1897

Mullaghroe Petty Sessions (Co. Sligo)

A Row Returning from Ballaghaderreen Assault Patrick Casey, Shroof [sic], charged James Flaherty (father), Bernard Flaherty (son), and John Cryan, of Clogher, with assaulting him on the 1st November. Mr. P.C.P. MacDermot, solicitor, Boyle, appeared for the defendants. Patrick Casey deposed - I was coming home from the fair of Ballaghaderreen, and when I was passing Thomas Casey's public house in Monasteredan those men attacked me. James Flaherty was the first one to knock me down, and while I was on the ground, John Cryan kicked me. Flaherty would life me up and knock me down against the road. Young Flaherty hit me, too. John Sharkey came to my relief, and took me away. Both Cryan and Flaherty kicked me while I was on the ground. To Mr. MacDermot - Sharkey is my brother-in-law. I was at the last fair of Ballaghaderreen. I had pigs at it. I did not go into the yard to look at Flaherty's pigs. We were friends up to that day. I did not assault him that morning, but we had a little difference. I had some drink taken, but I was able to walk. Monasteredan is about four miles from Ballaghaderreen. It is my road home, but it is not theirs. There is a public house there. They never said a word but knocked me down. I was in jail for an assault, but it was in the wrong. I was also in jail for assaulting a policeman. John Sharkey, a witness, deposed - About 6 o'clock on the night in question I came out on the road from my own house. At Tom Carey's public house I heard the sound of a scrimmage and the shuffling of feet. I went over, and I found Pat Casey on the broad of his back, and John Cryan kicking him and James Flaherty was striking him. I went over to make peace, and Flaherty took up a stone in his hand, and said he would scatter my brains if I did not go away. I took hold of Casey and lifted him up. I put my hand under his arm and brought him away four or five yards. He told me to let him out, and I said, "Casey, you will get killed here." He then threw off my arm and rushed back, and he said, "James Flaherty, you are duly a coward, and you are no man." Flaherty struck him again and knocked him down. I brought him away again, and Flaherty's son came up and struck him with his fist. To Mr. MacDermot - It was the noise of the scrimmage drew my attention. I took no drink that day. I did not even take as much as would go into a midge's eye. I am Casey's brother-in-law. Cryan and Flaherty go home by a different way. James Flaherty deposed in reply to Mr. MacDermot - I was at the fair of Ballaghaderreen. Cryan carried my pigs for me. I was to pay him. I did not sell the pigs, but I left them in Mrs. Mulligan's yard. I went into the yard to see the pigs, and I met Casey. He had drink taken. He began arguing with me, and I told him to go away. He caught hold of me by a handkerchief I had round my neck and knocked me down, and he kept choking me until I got black in the face. The handkerchief had to be cut with a knife for fear I would suffocate. There were men in the yard who kept him away. He is always drunk when he can get the chance. When I got home I was to pay Cryan for carrying the pigs, but he would not take any money. I brought him out to treat him at Casey's public house, and I met Casey then. I knew he was going to strike me after what happened in the morning. He ran up and struck me a blow which knocked me down. His brother-in-law tried to bring him away, and struck me again. Casey struck me several times. I did not see Cryan kicking him. That is all I know about it. To complainant - I did not strike you first. Chairman - Did you see Cryan kicking him? Defendant - I did not. Chairman - Do you swear it? Defendant - I won't swear it. Bernard Flaherty deposed - I did not see the beginning of this transaction. I was at the Ballagh fair. Casey knocked down my father in Mulligan's yard, and was choking him until he got black in the face. The handkerchief had to be cut off his neck. After we came from the fair my father brought Cryan in the public house to treat him. After they were gone I went out on the road, and I heard shouting. I went down, and I found Casey assaulting my father. I went over and I struck Casey. The two were striking each other with their fists. Chairman - How far is your house from where the row took place? Witness - About a quarter of a mile. Did you hear the row going on at that distance? -- I did, your worship. John Cryan deposed - When I went out to take the treat along with Flaherty, we found Casey standing in the middle of the road. The minute he saw us he made a blow at Flaherty, and knocked him down. The row commenced then. Casey flung a stick at me. John Sharkey brought him away, but he broke back four times. Flaherty was sober. I had some drink taken. That is all I know about it. Chairman - This is a very serious row, and it is a disgrace to the locality. There were three against one. You will have to go to jail for a month each with hard labour. Mr. MacDermot said it was all Casey's fault and it was he who commenced the row in Ballaghaderreen. Flaherty is a very respectable farmer. He read a letter from the MacDermot stating that Flaherty was a very respectable man. Chairman - Well, I will take a fine for the old man, and as there is not use in making fish of one and flesh of another, I will take a fine for Cryan also. They are both fined £1 each, and the case against Bernard Flaherty is dismissed.



Roscommon Herald Articles No 52

Thanks to Maureen McCourt Nantista for the typing

29 January 1898

A Row On The Road From Boyle

Patrick Dyer, Carrowcrory, charged Michael Cryan, of the same locality, with assaulting him on the 15th January. Dyer deposed – On last Saturday week, I was coming home from Boyle, and this boy was before me on the road. When he came out and struck me a blow of a stick on the head I afterwards got three blows of it. I could not swear who gave me the other three blows, as I was stunned at the first. I heard noise and saw three or four fellows going away. Cryan was the first that came up to me. I left Boyle that evening about 5 o’clock, and this occurred at 6:30. There was no one with me, and I had only two glasses of rum taken that day. I did not speak to him and he to me. The blood from my head is on my coat yet. I can show the cuts on my head yet. Cross-examined by the defendant – I used not to be [showing?] coming along the road in the evening. John Cryan, father of the defendant, deposed he was in Boyle that day and heard Dyer swear he had no drink taken. He left him in Boyle that evening after 5 o’clock, and he was then staggering backward and forward about the town. Dyer – When I saw you on the street that day, did I not shake hands with you? – You did. Michael [...] stated Cryan never struck Dyer. He was there, and saw a man on a cart, but could not say if it were Dyer. Cryan was along with him as were also James Cryan, Batty Brehony, Owen Brehony, and Roddy Cryan; they all left Pat Evans’s together. Mr. Henn – Do the police know anything about the case? Sergeant B[...] – I made inquiries about the matter, as Dyer’s son reported to the police. Mr. Henn said he would adjourn the case to enable the police to inquire further into the matter.



The Roscommon Herald Articles No. 53

Nov 29 1890

The Ballinultha Feud Again

Hugh Rorke, of Ballinultha summoned his neighbour, Mrs Honoria Cryan, for the trespass of a bullock in his cabbage garden. He deposed that he gave up the bullock to Mrs Cryan’s son. On cross-examining by Mr McMorrow, solicitor, he denied that the bullock was only a few minutes trespassing, and he would have been there till morning only his daughter saw him going in. Mr McMorrow - You are a very troublesome fellow, and fond of giving trouble to these people with the law. Rorke (laughing) - Ha! Capt. Peel gave a decree for 6d and costs. Rorke’s son, James, summoned James Cryan for assaulting him on this occasion. He said that Cryan sat on the stile and challenged him to fight him, in his barn. He was willing to fight him where he was. Cryan then struck him. Capt. Peel - There is a cross case against you. Rorke - I was not served with the summons. I got it only a while ago. Mr Gillespie - Oh that does not matter, you are here now. Cross-examined by Mr McMorrow, Rorke said - The calf was in our cabbage when this happened. On this day I never threatened to pull him off the stile. I have my story told now. Did you try to strike him with stones? - When he took a loy, I took up two stones in my own defence, but I never fired. Did your brothers, John, Patrick and Farrell, go out to join in the attack on him? They are only young children ; they held me, and kept me from him. Mr McMorrow - Go down! You must have been like a raging lion when your own brothers had to hold you. Hugh Rorke, the complainant’s father, deposed that he saw the stream of blood coming down his son’s face when Cryan struck him. Mr McMorrow - You swear more than your son; he did not swear that. James Cryan was examined in this cross-case and said that Hugh Rorke would not allow him drive the bullock out on the gate of the field where he was trespassing. The Rorke family then ran out with stones in their hands and surrounded him, and he defended himself with a loy. Hugh Rorke gave the calf such a welting that he did not believe the calf would do any good. Young Rorke pointed to a mark he had got on his forehead. Cryan - On your oath was it I put that on you? Rorke - You renewed it. I got a blow of a flail thrashing but you renewed it (laughter). John Cryan was also examined, but gave his evidence in a very stupid way. Capt. Peel asked why did they not jump out the bullock where he jumped in. Mr McMorrow - He would want to be like Mr Nolan’s jumping cow to do that (laughter). James Cryan was fined 5s and costs, and the cross-case was dismissed. A case for trespass of goats against Hugh Rorke was adjourned for the production of his little son.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 54

Thanks to Karen McElrath for the typing

10 June 1893

“Mohill Board of Guardians” “Never Wanted Relief”

Patrick Cryan, Furness, applied for relief on a plea of destitution. The guardians refused it on the grounds that the man was able to work and called him before the board to inform him of their decision. When he came in he appeared very mild, and when informed of the result of the guardians decision he became enraged and excitedly proclaimed that he never wanted the guardians’ relief and if he had to apply again he would not do so. They could hold it (laughter). He then departed. The guardians then adjourned. Date:           



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 55

Thanks to Karen McElrath for the typing

22 March 1902

“Weekly Meeting of the Roscommon Board of Guardians” “Application”

An inmate named Crean having five children with him in the house wrote asking permission to go out so as to secure employment. By keeping hem there it would be only an additional expense on the rates. Chairman – I believe he is a respectable man. If he was let out on pass for a while he might get a place. Mr McGreevy – I quite agree with you. He is a strong and healthy man, and willing to work outside. Clerk – I daresay you can give him a month. The following order was made – “ An inmate named Andrew Crean having five children with him in the house was allowed out for one month on pass to afford him an opportunity of obtaining a situation.”



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 56

Thanks to Karen McElrath for the typing.

7 May 1892

Kilmore Branch (Co. Roscommon)

A meeting of this branch was held on Sunday, May 1st. the president, Mr John Flood, P. L. G., occupied the chair. Others present – Messrs Pat Beirne, Thomas Caslin, James Feeny, P. J. Connellan, sec., John Caslin, Jas Hanly, Pat Neary, Pat Carroll, Frank Murray, Thomas Healy, Pat Fitzsimons, John Conlon. After enrolling several new members, the Chairman gave some practical instructions with regard to registration. He pointed out how necessary it was to have the Franchise papers properly filled, and hoped every man favourable to the National cause, who is entitled to vote, will see and have his name on the register. Dominick Cryan, an evicted tenant, came before the meeting with a letter from our Parnellite neighbours, addressed to the chairman, asking us to sanction a grant of £2 out of the Evicted tenants’ Fund towards Dominick. This case was discussed some twelve months ago before, and as we from start to finish admitted the justice of Dominick's claim, and as our Parnellite neighbours were not able to meet us half way and relieve him out of the local funds, the committee unanimously agreed to sanction the grant. Other routine business was disposed of, and the meeting adjourned to Sunday, 15th inst, after Mass.– P. J. Connellan, hon. Sec.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 57

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing.

22 August 1891

Frenchpark Petty Sessions

The presiding magistrates at his court on Friday were – Capt McTernan, R. M., and the Hon. John French, J. P. Assault The Crown at the suit of district Inspector Feely prosecuted named Lowe for assaulting M. Beirne. Mr MacDermot, solicitor, appeared for the defence. Old Beirne deposed that his son, Malachi Beirne, who was assaulted, could not attend as he was at Strand-hill. He and his son were cleaning a bank on the 6th of June, James Lowe and John Lowe came and began to remove the turf. His son went to prevent them. James Lowe rushed at him and knocked him down. John Lowe struck him with a spade on the side of the head inflicting a deep wound from the effects of which he lay for some weeks. James Lowe caught him (witness) by the throat, and having thrown him kicked him in the face. Cross-examined by Mr MacDermot – I did not know whether the place where I was cutting was within Lowe’s boundary as both claimed it. Bridget Cryan was examined for the defence. She deposed that she saw the Lowes throwing Beirne’s turf back from where it was. Beirne came over with a slane in his hand. Lowe met him and caught hold of the slane. Four men then came on the scene, and from that she did not know who was striking. She saw a cut on Lowe’s breast afterwards [sic] as if from the wing of a slane. Patrick Lowe and Michael Cryan gave similar evidence. It was mentioned that the money which Beirne was to receive from Lowe was in bank. Capt. McTernan suggested that the case be adjourned for a fortnight. Mr MacDermot requested that no more petty evidence be taken. Capt. McTernan said if a settlement were not arrived at during the interval he would give his decision without further evidence.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 58

Thanks to Karen Mc Elrath for the typing.

16 July 1892

Boyle Petty Sessions

The presiding magistrates at the court on Wednesday last were – R. G. Bull, R. M., and Capt McTernan, R. M. A Ballinultha Row Hugh Rorke, of Ballinultha, summoned his neighbour, James Cryan, for breaking down his fence and injuring his crops. There was also a cross-case. Mr MacDermot appeared for Rorke, and Mr Robinson for Cryan. Hugh Rorke deposed that on the 21st of April James Cryan threw his mearing on his crop. He also attempted to throw a stone on him 2 1D 2 cwt weight. Cryan threw stones on his (Rorke s) oats and potatoes. The mearing between them was divided eighty years ago. Cryan had no reason to interfere with it only for his bad temper. John Rorke, Pat Rorke and James Rorke gave corroborative evidence. Mrs Cryan deposed that the gate on her mearing wall was thrown by the Rorkes. Her husband always made up the fence. There was a wooden post put down as a pier, and Rorke took the whole thing away. The mearing was hers, and on a former occasion Rorke summoned her for sheep crossing it. Mr MacDermott [sic] – And take it for granted that it is your mearing, your son was not justified in throwing stones into the man’s crops. Mr Bull said Cryan should pay 5s fine, 10s compensation and costs. The cross-case was then gone into when it was shown that the Rorkes maliciously broke the capstone of the pier. Denis Loughna, Boyle, deposed that he was at the place. There was nothing injured but the capstone of the pier. The gate was a little injured. James Beirne deposed that half the gate was broken. To Mr MacDermot – I live nearly three miles from the place. I am a brother to Mrs Cryan. Mr MacDermot – She went far to get a witness. Your evidence will be taken for what it is worth. The Bench imposed a fine of five shillings, ten shillings compensation and costs. Assault Arising out of the above case, James Cryan summoned James Rorke for assaulting him on the 21st of April. Cryan deposed that when he was going to remove the capstone Rorke jumped on his hand, and assaulted him. Rorke followed him to his own door wanting him to fight, and he had nine others with him. To Mr MacDermot – I would have summoned him before this but my attorney was away. I was bound to the peace the last court day and fined. Several witnesses were examined for the defence. An old man named Rorke deposed that defendant did not put hand or foot on Cryan. Cryan would swear the “sowl” [sic] out of his body to get satisfaction (laughter). The case was dismissed.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 59


Boyle Board of Guardians Assisted Emigration

The Local Government Board approved of the grant to Ellen Cryan to assist her to emigrate.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 60


Antics of Ball-Alley Birds

Betty Mahady of the Ball-Alley summoned Mary Crane and her daughter for beating her with stones, kicking her, and generally maltreating her. She swore she could not go outside her own door without being called the vilest names in the inexhaustible dictionary of abuse. Head-constable Clarke gave the defendants a very bad character, and the magistrates ordered the Cranes to be removed from the vicinity for 14 days, and in order that they might not feel time hanging on their hands, they are to be employed picking oakum.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 61


The Master’s Report

The Master (Mr Cox) reported as follows - “A woman named Mrs Lenehan, a native of this Union, was transferred here from Ballinasloe asylum on yesterday. She intends to remain a few days, and will then leave for America, she having her passage paid and bank draft for £3 sent to her by her friends. The school boys were out for exercise three times, and the girls twice during the week. A man named Cryan applies for his two children. They are in the house sine the 12th of March, 1894. Their old clothes are worthless.” Mr Clarke - That is a man I know. Chairman - The man is perfectly right to take his children, and we have no right to keep them from him. Clerk - By an order of the Board you can give them, but not otherwise. Mr Stuart - Do you mean to say we have no power to give them to their parents? Clerk - Not until the Master discharges them. Mr Mullaney - The Board who should be willing to let them out. Is there any discussion about the clothes? Chairman - Would it not be better to let them go, and give them the clothes than keep them here? Mr Mullaney inquired where would they be charged to. The Master said they were from the Templevanny division. The clerk said they would be charged according to the collective number of days. Chairman - The doctor thinks it is better to let them go. It saves the rates even if you do pay a few shillings for clothes. Mr Lindsay - Let them go. Mr Clarke said there were other people who got clothes, and they were Union charges. Mr Stuart - This is practically a Union charge. Clerk - It is no such thing. Mr Stuart - Is it to go on Templevanny? Clerk - It is to gon [sic] the collective number of days. Mr Clarke suggested to allow them £2 for clothes. This was agreed to.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 62


Keash (Co. Sligo) Davitt Band

A special meeting, held for the purpose of re-organising the above band, took place on Sunday last, Mr P Duignan occupying the chair. The chairman said it was most essential to re-organise now that we had not many of the old band boys, that it was time to try and teach a new staff of young men who will remain in the country, and as there was no meeting of the band committee for a very considerable time it was the business of the meeting to appoint a new committee. M McGowan, A Donoher, J McGowan, M Cryan, J Walsh, James Soden, J Cullen, M Cryan, P Breheny, P Keaveny, J Boylan, P O’Connor, M Breheny, P Scanlon, Thomas Henry, and P Lydon were accordingly appointed. The chairman said as there was a very good committee of young men appointed he hoped each one would do his own part to help the object of the meeting. He also said it was now the business of the committee to appoint a president, a secretary and a treasurer. The chairman (P Duignan), JM Cryan, and Edward Crofton were unanimously elected. A subscription list was opened, and the sum of £1 6s handed to the treasurer. It was proposed and duly carried that circulars be got printed and sent to friends outside the parish to solicit their co-operation. A vote of thanks to the chairman brought the meeting to a close. - J. M. Cryan, hon. sec.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 63


Ballymote Petty Sessions (Co Sligo) Trespass

Michael Crann, Carrowcashaely, summoned Mr George Boyers, of the same place, for the trespass of six head of cattle on his oats on the 3rd of June. There was a cross-case for the trespass of donkeys at various dates. Michael Crann, deposed he got the cattle and brought Mr Irvine, the appraiser, to see the damage, who damaged it at 10s. Mr Irvine said he would not give evidence until he was paid. Mr Boyers (to Crann) - You were not there at all. Did you see them there? Crann declined to answer the question, but called Pat Mallooney, who stated that he found the cattle in Crann’s oats and sent his boy over for Crann when he got them. Mr Duke - Whose land is the oats on? - On my land. Crann - I have it as only con acre from Mr Mallooney. Mr Boyers said Mallooney was Crann’s uncle. Mr Duke - Did you know whose cattle they were when you got them? Mallooney - I did not, sir. I took care of them until Crann came and he knew them and drove them to Mr Boyers house. Mr Boyers said he would look at the damage but he did not do so. Arthur S Irvine, the parish appraiser, deposed Crann came over for him on the 4th June and he went down to see the damage, and walked the place. He valued the damage as 10s the last time he was there. The case was adjourned for the production of further evidence.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 64

13 Sep 1902

News in Brief

The numerous friends of Master T. Finn of Clooneen, Gurteen, Co. Sligo, will be glad to hear of his success at the recent Civil Service examination. Great credit is due to Master Finn as he attended Mr. Cryan’s Civil Service classes only for four months preceding the examination and was so fortunate to be so successful on his first attempt.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 65

13 Sep 1902

Boyle Marriages

Cryan and Devine - On September 2nd at St Francis Xavier’s church, Gardiner St, Dublin, with Nuptial Mass, Mr. John Cryan, merchant of Bridge St, Boyle was married to Miss Eleanor, Mary (May) Devine, second eldest daughter of Mr. Fitzmaurice Devine, merchant, Ballyfarnon, Co Roscommon. The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev George J Coyle PP, Highwood, assisted by Very Rev Canon B R Coyne PP VF, Boyle, and the Very Rev Fr Conmee SJ.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 66

15 Nov 1902

Boyle Petty Sessions

Bernard Cryan summoned his neighbour James Spellman, for the trespass of calves on his tillage on the 25th and 29th of September. Spellman had a cross-case against Cryan for the trespass of a goat on his land on the 5th of November. Major Murphy suggested that it would be far better for them repair their fences than fining them. Cryan protested that his fences were in excellent repair whilst Spellman vehemently alleged that they were down last Spring. Major Murphy said they would give a decree for 2s and costs against Spellman and remarked that the money they had paid would repair the fences if they had agreed to do so.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 67

17 Jan 1903

News in Brief

There is a Mr Eugene Crean MP now perambulating Roscommon who is held at his true value in his native Cork. Last year when he stood as a Town Councillor he was left at the very bottom of the poll when he represented Queens County, the people got so tired of him that they hunted him and he had to try elsewhere and with all his frothy talk indoors he has shunned the risk of jail like the pestilence. He is a “Bounder” of the Hebrew gold variety who will never risk his skin in prison.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 68

21 Mar 1903 p6

Mohill Petty Sessions Alleged Larceny

Luke Mc Keam summoned Patrick Cryan, Mary Cryan and Mary A Cryan for alleged larceny. Mr Corscadden - I appear for the defendants and I would ask your worships to let the case stand until this day fortnight. One of the defendants - Mrs Cryan - is very ill, and I was only informed of the matter last night by her husband. The case was accordingly adjourned.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 69

30 Nov 1901

News in Brief

A very interesting little work entitled “Conversation” for the use of Irish students has been brought out by Rev. Bernard Crehan CC and by Mr B J Goff, Elphin. The work has been compiled by the Elphin branch of the Gaelic League and contains matter which must prove very interesting to the Gaelic Leaguers. It can be obtained for 2p.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 70

7 may p4

News in Brief

On Friday evening of last week whilst a farmer named Thomas Cryan of Oakfield was proceeding to his home from Strokestown market he took suddenly ill and died a short time afterwards.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 71

29 Apr

Died Cryan - On April 24th 1905

at his residence in Carrowcrory Michl Cryan. Aged 86. Deeply regretted by his sorrowing family RIP.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 72

15 Jul 1905

Boyle Petty Sessions

Disorderly Constable McGarry had James Cryan of Mullaghroe summoned for being drunk and disorderly. The constable said Cryans conduct was bad but he was a quiet man when sober. He resisted arrest and when a constable in plain clothes came to his assistance, Cryan knocked off his hat and broke it. He was fined 7s 6d.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 73

Typed by Pat Hunt

23 September 1901

Football Boyle v Carrick-On-Shannon

Although Boyle and Carrick-On-Shannon have always been old opponents in the football arena, hardly ever allowing a season to pass without engaging in a couple of friendly encounters, still it was not until Sunday last they tried conclusions this year. The fact of its falling on St. Patrick's Day added greatly to the crowd in attendance, which was a very large one. The Carrick team arrived in Boyle about two o'clock, sometime after which both teams proceeded to the field convenient to the Railway Station, which kindly given for the occasion by Mr. Gordon, who is always prepared to offer every facility to the young men in the town in their efforts to promote healthy sport and amusement, he having for several months each year placed his splendid and valuable field at their disposal. Some time after three o'clock the teams took up their positions on the field as follows: Boyle-Keaveney (goal); Cregg and Cryan (full-backs);Burke, O'Keeffe and Turbett, (half-backs); Davitt, McEwan, Rice, Levingstone and Dooley (forwards).Carrick-On-Shannon - Graham (goal); H. O'Neill and H. Beirne (full backs); O. Moraghan, M, McGowan and P. Feely (half backs); J. Dunne, M. Moran, F. Tumelty, W. Beatty, and T. Padian (forwards). Boyle won the toss, and elected to play with the hill. There was a strong side-wind prevalent which was not of any material advantage to any side. Rice commenced operations bypassing to McEwan, who brought it along the wing, and for the first time succeeded in placing the leather in Carrick territory. Some interesting exchanges took place here, but Beirne saved by sending on strongly to Beatty. Play was now confined to midfield for some considerable time, until Burke got possession and neatly sent on to McEwan who transferred to Davitt. The latter had a rather heavy game to play on his wing as the wind in that particular exposed quarter of the field was extremely violent, and it taxed all his energies to keep the ball in play. Much delay was called here by the leather being sent out of play, a matter which was of very frequent occurrence for the major part of this half. Although Boyle were continually pressing, a splendid performance was setup by the Carrick backs, who kept their forwards pretty busy. Some of the forwards were also putting in good work, notably Beatty and Moran, both of whom were prominent for their side throughout. They played a good game, but lacked the shooting qualities of the home team. Dooley and Levingstone, after about twenty minutes' play, brought the ball down with a nice piece of work, and the Carrick goal was threatened on several occasions. This terminated in Boyle procuring a corner, which, however, did not result in a conversion to any score. For the remainder of the game Boyle certainly had the better of the play, some good shots being sent in by McEwan, Rice and Davitt, each of whom were unlucky in not scoring. The Carrick forwards made some good rushes, but the backs, Cryan and Cregg, seemed impenetrable. The latter appeared a bit off colour during the first quarter of an hour, but pulled up for it well subsequently, as he along with Cryan played a most determined and scientific game. Boyle were pressing hard when the whistle announcing half time was sounded. The play then stood- Boyle, nil; Carrick, nil. On resuming, Boyle set to work in a real fashion, and showed a great deal better judgment than in the previous half. Play was not long in progress until it was obvious to everyone that Boyle would score, despite the fact that they were fighting against the hill. After about ten minutes Dooley got possession from a pass from Burke and played along the right wing from almost the touch post of which he sent in a splendid shot which just crossed the bar. After kick out a good exposition of passing took place between both teams which, however, terminated in Davitt getting away, who sent on to Dooley. Dooley neatly centred to Levingstone, who shot a goal amid great enthusiasm. After this the visitors apparently lost heart, and for some time their custodian was kept busy, as the Boyle forwards were making regular target of their goal. McEwan, Davitt and Rice sent in some shots, but they were slightly erratic. After about fifteen minutes of the second half had elapsed a regular scrummage took place about fifteen yards from the Carrick goal, Davitt got away, but McGowan tackled and sent on to Tumulty. The latter had a clear field, but could not pass the backs. O'Keeffe now kicked on to Dooley who passed to McEwan. Here an opportunity presented itself which McEwan did not let pass, as he kicked another goal, which, however, for some reason was disallowed by the referee. Close on full time, Boyle worked with a vehemence, and shortly before the final whistle sounded, Levingstone shot a beautiful goal from a pass by Dooley. At full time the score stood:- Boyle – Two goals, and one disputed goal. Carrick - Nil. The visitors were entertained by the Boyle team, after which they left for home.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 74

Typed by Pat Hunt

27 April 1901

With reference to the case of Mr Fitzsimmons D.I. against Mr. Martin Cryan, Keash, for an alleged breach of the Sunday Closing Act, which was adjourned from a previous court in consequence of the bench being divided. Mr Henn said that with regard to the constitution of the bench today he would not ask Mr Fitzsimmons to go on with it, as Mr. O'Brien and he were for convicting the last day, and Mr. Cryan and Mr. Hannon were for dismissing it. Mr. Fitzsimmons said having regard to the bench, he would not ask to go with the case as it would be very unfair to Mr. Cryan. Mr Henn said they would adjourn the case to the next court day, and ask Mr. Hawkboy C.P.S. to inform the magistrates in the district about the case, and request them to attend. The Court then adjourned.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 75

Typed by Pat Hunt

30 March 1901

Brothers Differ

Thomas Crean v Martin Crean Mr. Nolan for plaintiff, and Mr. P.C.P. MacDermot, Boyle for defendant Mr Nolan said that this case was a civil bill on title. The plaintiff and the defendant are brothers and the lands are situated at Cloonfower. For a great number of years the parties, with their father, mother and sister lived on the holding. The plaintiff, on his marriage, resided in one part of the house, and the defendant, with his father and mother, resided in the other. The father died some years ago, and the mother and sister last year. The plaintiff was the only person in possession, and he paid half the rent. The plaintiff deposed that he lives at Cloonfower. His father died about 8 year ago since last June and his mother and sister died in August. There was nobody left in possession except plaintiff, his family, and his brother, the defendant. At the time of the plaintiff's marriage there was an agreement between him and his father, and plaintiff continued in possession of half the holding during the life time of his father and mother. The father, brother and sister continued living in the other half, and each paid half the rent equally, and the receipt was taken out in the father's name. Plaintiff's brother got married recently, and plaintiff demanded possession, but the brother refused to give up possession. Mr. Nolan read the agreement between plaintiff and his father. Continuing, plaintiff said he saw that agreement signed and it was signed by his father and Michael Broderick, a witness. Mr. McDermot – It is one of those agreements that is generally drawn up between blacksmiths or carpenters, and bears only a six penny stamp in it. His Lordship said he was afraid that agreement would not do. It was for £40, and should have a 10s stamp on it. Cross-examined by Mr. McDermot, the plaintiff said his father did not make a will. The defendant did not pay the rent and they always considered that that agreement should be acted upon. The defendant never got possession of the land. Plaintiff used to give his father half the rent, but there was only one receipt for it. William Broderick gave evidence as to seeing the agreement produced being made between Michael Crean and the other parties to it. Mr McDermot raised an objection to the agreement, but on the plaintiff's paying £10 in to the court, and 10s for stamps, His Honor allowed the case to go on. Martin Crean, the defendant, said that he is a brother of the plaintiff. Defendant knew nothing about the agreement (produced).Defendant was paying rent for the land 22 years. His father did not go to the rent office for 18 years, and defendant paid the rent for him. Defendant was not present at his brother's marriage, because he was married privately. Defendant first heard of that agreement when he himself was going to get married, on the 11th February last. On the 9th February he made arrangements to be married, and he spoke to his brother about it, because he did not want to be married without his brother knowing it. Defendant is paying the rent of this land. To His Lordship Defendant's father was the tenant. His Lordship  I think it was a very hard case on this man. Plaintiff, recalled, and in reply to his Lordship, said his mother died in August last. Mr Nolan And he was entitled, my Lord, to the land on his mother's death. His Lordship I think I must give the decree, but I think it is a hard case on this man.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 76

Typed by Pat Hunt

23 mar 1901

Tobacco for the Inmates

In accordance with his notice of motion, Mr Waters moved that the old men over sixty years of age in the house, and any old women who were so disposed, be allowed tobacco in the week. Mr Jinks inquired why had Mr Waters brought on this resolution. Mr Waters said two men had died in the house last year, who smoked rhubarb leaves and other substitutes when they could not obtain tobacco. It was only fair to allow those poor inmates this small privilege, and if other matters were looked into closely, it would be a good thing. Mr Cryan said that tobacco was a bad medicine for poor people. Mr Waters - If you were badly off for a smoke, you would sooner have it than your breakfast. Mr Cryan -I would sooner have my breakfast than a smoke. Mr Waters said that twenty years ago he smoked seven ounces of tobacco per week, but had given up the practice long ago. Mr Jinks said that he was in favour of Mr Waters' suggestion. The chairman remarked that the ratepayers should be remembered. Mr Cryan said there mark should be made when people got increases of £40a year. They got it without a word. Mr Keighron -Mr Cryan should withdraw that remark. Mr Cryan -We are guardians of the rich and not of the poor. Mr Waters' resolution was then put to the meeting, and declared unanimously carried. Dr Murray reported that there was a case of scarlatina in the female school. A girl named Kivlehan was suffering from it, and he was about to get her removed to the county fever hospital.



 Roscommon Herald Articles No. 77

Typed by Paul Cryan

August 10, 1901

Boyle Creamery

Carrowcrory Auxiliary. Mr. Cryan said at their last meeting it was decided that the Carrowcrory Committee come before them in proper form. Mr. Cryan then produced the minutes of the last meeting of the Carrowcrory Provisional Committee, from which it appeared that the meeting was held on Monday,5th August. Mr. John Cryan, J.P., presided and there was a large attendance of the Committee. After the accounts were audited and found satisfactory, it was decided to appoint a representative on the Boyle Society from each townland. It was proposed that Mr. Cryan and seconded by Mr. P. Gormley, that Mr. D. Crofton, C.C., be appointed, and it was passed unanimously. The following were also appointed - Mr. Gormley, who was proposed by Mr. Killoran and seconded by Mr. McGowan. Mr. Cryan who was proposed by Mr. P. Duignan and seconded by Mr. Lydon; Mr. P. Horan, who was proposed by Mr. McGowan and seconded by Mr. Gray, D.C., and Mr. O. Breheny, who was proposed by Mr. Lydon and seconded by Mr. P. Breheny. Mr. Cryan said he was informed by the Manager (Mr. Gleeson) that they were only entitled to three representatives. He asked if there was anything in the rules to debar them. Mr. Gleeson said according to the rules laid down by the Irish Agricultural Organisation Society, they were only entitled to three representatives. Mr. Cryan -Major Murphy told me we would be entitled to have one from each townland. Mr. McDonagh said they could be allowed one for each townland on the Provisional Committee, but not on the Central. Mr. Cryan - We have two from each townland on the Provisional Committee. Mr. McGoldrick said he had great pleasure in proposing that Messrs. D. Crofton, Patrick Gormeley and John Cryan be co-opted on the Central Committee as representatives of Carrowcrory auxiliary. Mr. McWilliams seconded the proposition, and it was passed unanimously. This was all the business before the meeting.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 78

Typed by Paul Cryan

20 July 1901


Assault Thomas Cryan, Knockaligan, summoned James Brown, of Castlerehan, for assaulting him on 6th July. Complainant deposed - I was working in my own garden on 6th July. Defendant's children were going through my crop. I went to stop them; defendant and his son ran down to the mearing ditch. Defendant caught a hold of me and pulled me across the ditch, and he threw me down on the rocks. He got up on my chest, and 'pounded' me under him. He knocked the blood out of my eyes, and stirred the teeth in my head. I will have to go to the hospital with my stomach and side. To Mr. Harrel - There is no pathway through my crop. They want to pull down my ditch. Witness (to defendant) - I stopped your children on the pathway. I had no shovel. Defendant stated that complainant said he would wear the children's heads against the wall. When he saw the shovel with him, he went down to the children, and he made a blow of the shovel at me. I caught a hold of the shovel, and complainant came across the ditch with it. I did nothing to him. Here complainant gesticulated the treatment he received from the defendant. Defendant claimed there is a right-of-way always through complainant's land. Mr. Harrel – There seems to be a claim of right-of-way. I will adjourn the case to Castlerea on Saturday, and let the complainant have an independent witness to show if there is a right-of-way or not. In the meantime, the defendant is not to go there until the case is decided.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 79

Typed by Paul Cryan

29 June 1901


These petty sessions were held on Thursday before Messrs. F.B. Henn, R.M., presiding; W. Jones, R.M.;J.D. O'Brien, J.P. The Keash Case When the case of District Inspector Fitzsimons against Martin Cryan, Carrowreagh, for an alleged breach of the Licensing Act on the 17th March was called. Head Constable Beirne said in this case, the prosecutor and principal witnesses are absent on duty in the County Leitrim, and he would ask their worships to adjourn the cases until next court day. The District Inspector was absent, and the sergeant of the station, who is the principal witness, was also absent. In the cases against Pat Dyer and Michael Henry, who were summoned for being found on the premises on the occasion, application was also made to have them adjourned. Mr. Henn said the cases were hanging on since the 17thMarch. The cases were adjourned until next court day at the request of the complainant.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 80

Typed by Paul Cryan

8 June 1901


 A meeting of the Boyle No. 2 Council was then held, over which Mr. John Cryan presided. Mr. O'Dowd said he had great pleasure in proposing Mr. John Cryan as chairman of the No. 2 Council for the current year. He thought he had done his work very fairly in the past. Of course, on the death of their late chairman, Mr. Hunt, Mr. Cryan was co-opted, and during the time he was in office he had done his work very satisfactorily to the Council. Mr. O. Queenan seconded, and it was passed unanimously. Chairman - I thank you very much for the confidence you have placed in me, and I hope to give satisfaction. I hope some other gentleman present will be ready to take the position next year. Mr. Casey proposed and Mr. Gray seconded that Mr. O'Dowd be re-elected vice-chairman. It was passed unanimously. Mr. O'Dowd thanked them for the honour. During the short time he occupied the position of vice-chairman, it was not easy for him to attend, but for the future he would try and do his best, and attend as regularly as possible.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 81

Typed by Paul Cryan

July 20, 1901

Mullaghroe Petty Sessions (Co. Sligo) A NEW R.M. PRESIDES

These petty sessions were held on Thursday before Captain Crene, R.M., and Mr. Charles Graham, J.P. Trespass Mr. James Beirne, Tourane, sued Mrs. Mary McKeon, Moygarn, for trespass of cattle on his lands at various dates. Michael Mulligan, the herd, deposed that on 15th May he got four cattle belonging to the defendant on pasture land. On 20th May, seven sheep and eight lambs on con-acre potatoes. On the 24th May, two cattle on pasture land, and on the 26th May, three sheep and five lambs in con-acre potatoes. He gave the cattle up to the herd, and demanded trespass. Patrick McKeon, son of the defendant, cross-examined Mulligan, and asked him if the sheep were fettered. Mulligan said they were not, and were trespassing that morning and were not fettered. Capt. Crene - Do you admit they were in it? McKeon - Oh, yes. A decree for 4s. 5d.trespass was given, and costs. More Trespass Michael Mulligan, who proved the offences in the last cases, sued Mrs. McKeon for the trespass of 13 head of cattle on his heap of potatoes on the 8th May. A decree for6s. 6d. and costs was given. Bound to the Peace. Michael Towey, Clogher, summoned Dominick Sherlock, same place, for using threatening language towards him on the 10th June. Towey deposed that on the day in question Sherlock was shouting, and calling for him or his son to fight him. Sherlock said he would stand one round (laughter). He was at his work, and did not come next or near him. All he wanted is that Sherlock should pass his door and leave him and his family alone. Defendant called him all sorts of bad names. He(plaintiff) was the bailiff on the estate. Capt. Crene- I don't care what you are. Tell us what he said. Towey - He said if I came before him there would not be much of me left. Capt. Crene - Will you swear you are afraid he will do you bodily harm? Towey - I am afraid he will beat me if he gets me alone. Sherlock -Did you ever hear me insult you on the road? Towey - I heard you. You always insult me when you have drink taken. Capt. Crene said people would have to obey the law, and conduct themselves on the road. Defendant would have to find sureties, himself in £5, and two sureties of £2 10s. each, to be of good behaviour for six months, or in default go to jail for two months.


Roscommon Herald Articles No. 82

Typed by Ellen Herron 

22 November 1902


Attempt to change the day of meeting Big Change Proposed Mr. Jinks' notice of motion to change the days of meeting from Saturdays to Tuesdays was next before the meeting. In moving his notice of motion Mr. Jinks said judging from the number of guardians whom he saw present he anticipated what the result would be. At the outside he might say that for a moment he hoped the members from the Rural Districts would not think he was endeavouring to force the change down their throats. He would give his reasons for proposing the change, and it was for the members to vote. Members of the Board who live in Sligo had to attend at great inconvenience to themselves, as the meetings fall on Saturday, the market day. Formerly the meetings were held on Tuesdays, and when they were changed, the rural guardians anticipated at the time that they would be able to do their market business and attend the meetings of the Board. That now had been proved as unworkable, as the members were not able to transact the business of the Board and their private business. Then the meetings of the District Council clash with the meetings of the Guardians, as they are also held on Saturdays. On more occasions than one, although there are sixty-eight members in the Sligo Union, they had to adjourn in consequence of a quorum not turning up. Taking these circumstances into consideration he thought they should give a fair trial to Tuesday and see how it would work. In his opinion they could effect a savings of 200 pounds a year if this change was carried into effect (derisive laughter from the rural guardians). It was not a matter for laughter, as he could point out. The members rushed down to the room, on Saturday, and questions which should be discussed calmly and coolly were got through without proper time for debate. If this was as it should be, and if matters were properly considered, it would afford a big saving. Members were sent not to do market business but to do the business of the Board honestly and faithfully, and they should attend regularly. Mr. Cryan - There are too many of us in it I think(laughter). Mr. Jinks - As I said before, I don't want to force it down the throats of my country colleagues. Mr. Cryan - It is not the slightest use. Mr. Bree - Saturday is the day of meeting, and I don't see why you should change it (hear, hear). You attempted to do so before, and your proper course now should be to hand in a notice of motion to change the original resolution on the books. Mr. Jinks - In the days of the old Board the meetings were held on Tuesdays, and when the new Board came into office they were changed to Saturdays. Mr. Cryan - We will take no dictation from the old Board. Mr. Jinks continuing, said they had a chairman presently who was second to none in Ireland, and since he became chairman of the Board he attended in a manner which was worthy of the greatest praise. It was at great inconvenience to himself he attended, and therefore he thought the members of the Board should facilitate their worthy chairman in the transaction of his onerous duties. He had now laid his views before the members and all he would ask was to give a fair trial for twelve months to the change. Mr. M. Brennan said it would be a great hardship for the guardians from the rural district to attend on Tuesdays. They would not agree to the change. Mr. Cryan - All the talk in the world would not change it. The resolution is not seconded. Mr. Scanlan said he had great pleasure in seconding the motion. He had little or no interest in the matter, and it was absolutely no matter to him whether they were held on Tuesday or Saturday. As Mr. Jinks had said, there were a great many meetings held on Saturday. The County Infirmary, County Council and District Council had meetings on that day, and it was quite impossible for members who belong to all those bodies to attend to the different meetings. They could not rush from one place to another or transact the business in a proper way. Their duties were not transacted in a way that would be wished, and he thought there were very few members from the rural districts who knew anything about the management of the house. They should come down here and look after the business. Mr. Henry Brennan was understood to say that from the proceedings of the recent inquiry it would be better for some of those guardians who were in the habit of coming to this (illegible) and inspecting the interior arrangements (illegible) visiting. Mr. Jinks (excitedly) - I think Mr. Brennan should be asked to withdraw that observation. Mr. Brennan - I will not withdraw. I can prove my words. The chairman said he had failed to catch what Mr. Brennan said. Mr. Jinks and Mr. Brennan had said it was better for the members who had been in the habit of visiting the house to cease from visiting. Mr. Brennan - I said no such thing. Mr. Jinks - You made use of words to that effect. Mr. Waters here ventured to express the words which Mr. Brennan had made use of, and which were of an entirely different meaning. Mr. Waters, in supporting Mr. Jinks' notice of motion, said he was present when the meeting had to be abandoned when the necessary number of guardians constituting a quorum did not attend. On several occasions messengers were dispatched from the workhouse to his place on Saturday bringing him to the Board when there were only two members present. Guardians could not transact their market business and the business of the Board on the same day, and it would accommodate all if the meetings were held on Tuesday in future. Mr. Gethins - to suit Holborn-st publicans (laughter). Mr. Cryan spoke strongly against the proposition, and said it was practically unseating the country guardians if the change were carried out. Trains that united them on Saturday would not run on Tuesday, and altogether it would mean a big loss to the members from the rural districts if Mr. Jinks' motion were carried. Mr. Jinks said Mr. Gethins had no right to make use of any remarks regarding Holborn Street publicans. It was bad taste to introduce such matters. He was favoured with little of his custom. Mr. Waters - He should not make such a remark about Sligo publicans. Mr. Gethins - Mr. Chairman, before I proceed with the amendment I assure you that I will not take any notice of Mr. Waters' ramblings (laughter). Mr. Waters (majestically) - I spoke commonsense, man(loud laughter). Mr. Gethins - I have great pleasure in moving that Mr. Jinks' motion be rejected. Mr. Cryan seconded the proposition. Mr. Gethins said the members from the rural districts had no means of reaching Sligo except on Saturday. Mr. Waters here interjected some remark, the only word that could be heard being "humbug". Mr. Gethins - Don't be getting into a passion, my beauty (laughter). Mr. Waters (loftily) - I am not addressing you. Mr. Gilgar said they all knew it would greatly inconvenience the county guardians if the change were carried out. They all knew they had neither tramways nor railways to accommodate the members who lived near the Bridge of Bunduff and neighbourhood. The only accommodation they had was post-cars which ran on Saturdays. If the meetings were changed to Tuesdays, he thought they would have a good many resignations. A point had been raised about the meeting of the District Council being also on Saturdays, and therefore clashed with the meeting of the guardians. That could be met by holding the meeting of the District Council at 11 o'clock and then the members from the rural districts could attend the guardians' meeting at 12 o'clock. Mr. Bree - Poll the Board. Chairman - I will not until I hear all sides. Mr. Connolly said after the statement of feeling displayed by the country guardians, it would be idle for Mr. Jinks (to) proceed with his notice of motion. It would be better for him to withdraw his proposition, or else to adjourn it for five or six months. He had come prepared to vote for there solution, but from the difference of opinion he saw, it was better to withdraw the motion. The chairman said the matter should be carefully considered. Mr. Jinks motion was brought forward with his consent, and as the mover of the resolution said they did not want to rush the proposition down the throats of any of the members. The guardians from the rural districts could not possibly transact their market business and then rush down and endeavour to get through the business of the Board. For thirty years the meetings were held on Tuesday, and it suited all parties. A complaint had been made that the guardians could not conveniently reach Sligo on Tuesday, but as a matter of fact he saw them in town almost every day. An institution like that to which they had to attend, and which involved an expenditure of 12,000 pounds a year required careful supervision, and the questions which came before them should be well and carefully considered. Saturday on the whole was a bad day on which to hold the meeting, as he was frequently summoned to five meetings on that day - the District Council, County Council, County Infirmary, the Guardians and sometimes he attended the meetings of the Prison Board (laughter). Mr. Jinks at this state said he would withdraw his proposition but Mr. Gethins insisted on the matter being decided by a poll. A division was then taken, and the following guardians voted for Mr. Jinks' proposition - Messrs. Connolly, Jinks, Waters, Keighron, Ward, Collery, and Scanlan-7. Against - Messrs. McGarraghy, Hargadon, Foley, Gallagher, H. Brennan, Gilgar, Gethins, Logan Dennison, Flanagan, Branley, Cryan, Bree, M. Brennan, O'Gara, Harte, McGowan -17. Messrs. Kerr and Rooney did not vote. The amendment was carried, Mr. Jinks proposition to change the meetings to Tuesday being declared defeated amidst applause from the guardians from the rural districts. The Board then adjourned.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 83

Typed by Ellen Herron

Saturday December 12, 1902

Threatening Language

Patrick Joseph Brett, Aughadrunderg, charged Joseph Cryan, same place with using threatening language toward him on the 27th November. Mr. Gorscadden, solicitor, Ballinamore, appeared for the complainant. Complainant deposed that on the 27th November he and his brother were sorting potatoes. Defendant came out of his house and across to where they were working, and said he would stop a certain shore. Complainant made answer, " You, b_____, come out and fight me, "Witness said he wanted no fighting but he wanted to stop the threatening language. He said, "You _____,you are looking for law, but come out and fight me." He called his brother names also, and asked him to fight him. Complainant is afraid of defendant. He had no stick in his hand at this time. Witness had never any dispute with the defendant in his life. He had no stick in his hand. Defendant - I want this case adjourned to this day fortnight. I did not get the summons until six o'clock on Saturday evening. I want to prepare a defense. Mr. Gorscadden - He wants to make an application for an adjournment. This man is living altogether on what he earns day by day. He is away from work today and consequently he will get no wages for this day. He is working in Dromard at fairly good wages, and every day he is away he loses his wages. The man had lots of time since Saturday to employ a solicitor. Defendant - I want to get a witness, too. Chairman - I do not think there is sufficient reason for adjourning the case. We shall proceed with the case. To defendant - Have you any questions to ask? Defendant - I told you leave a shore in the drain, and when you got my back turned you filled my garden with water. Mr. Gorscadden - You are not asking him anything. Defendant - Did not I ask you down to look at it? Complainant - That has nothing to do with the threatening language; the local Government Board could deal with that. Peter Bohan deposed that he was near the parties on this day. He saw the defendant come out of his house and charge both the complainant and his brother to fight him. He took off his coat and vest. He heard him calling abusive names also. Defendant - Did I not walk up to you and ask you to come down and see what the case was about, and did you not tell me to go back again, and you would not have anything to do among us? Chairman - The question is about the use of threatening language. Defendant - I deny it altogether. Chairman - Let me speak - the complainant says he is afraid of the defendant, and he want him to be bound over to the peace. Mr. Gorscadden - Yes, that's what we want. Chairman - The bench have decided to bind the defendant over to keep the peace for 12 months, himself in 10 pounds and two sureties of 5 pounds each. Mr. Gorscadden - Thank you sir. Defendant - I suppose I will get time to get bail? Chairman - Yes, till the court is over.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 84

Typed by Ellen Herron

13 December 1902


James Cryan sought to have a fair rent fixed on his holding at Brogher, on the King-Harmon estate; area,17 a, 3 r, .5p.; old rent, 5 pounds, poor law valuation, 6 pounds. Mr. Thompson appeared for the landlord in all the King-Harman cases. Andrew Cryan deposed he was son of the tenant James, who was unable to attend. His father was living on the place all his life. There was no turf on the property, and he had to go three miles for it. He made fences and open drains. He also built a new, slated house and out-offices.
To Mr. Thompson - This farm carries two cows and two calves. Four pounds was a fair rent for the holding, and he was six miles from any market town. Mr. Doolan valued the farm for the landlord at 4pounds, 19 shillings. He also allowed for some drains which were well made.



Roscommon Herald Articles No. 85

Typed by Ellen Herron

Saturday April 25, 1903


These petty sessions were held on Wednesday before Mr. W. Jones, R.M., presiding; and Dr. Frazer, J.P. SANITARY PROSECUTION The Boyle No. 1 Rural District Council prosecuted Mr. James Cryan, road contractor, Ballinultha, for keeping his contract road in Ross Lane, Boyle, in an unsanitary condition. Mr. H. MacDermot (for Mr. P.C.P. MacDermot) appeared for the District Council, and Mr. W.J. Robinson appeared for the defendant. Mr. MacDermot said this case was up the last court day, and the defendant denied being contractor for the road. Mr. Robinson - He did not deny it. You must give proper proof of it. Mr. MacDermot - The proof is now here - I have the bond. Mr. Jones said they gave a conviction against the defendant in a case where he allowed heaps of mud to accumulate on the street. Mr. W. Odbert, Clerk to the District Council, produced the bond certifying that Mr. Cryan was the contractor. Mr. Robinson - What is the nuisance complained of? Mr. Odbert - The medical officer's report is there. Dr. W. Hamilton deposed that on the 30th December last he reported to the Council that the street from the Crescent to Ross Lane was in a filthy state, as manure and other heaps of mud were on the street. He recommended in his report that the manure be removed, and that the street be properly cleaned as soon as possible. Mr. Robinson - By whose acts are those heaps of mud on the road? Dr. Hamilton - I don't know. I should not think the contract put them there. You say the people living in the houses in the street put them there? - Probably. Mr. Jones - Why doesn't the contractor prosecute so? Mr. Robinson - Why doesn't the Sanitary Authority prosecute? I am convinced that the law I enunciated on this day fortnight was correct. There is not a shadow of doubt about it. Mr. Jones - A doubt there never is in your case. (laughter) Mr. Robinson - They should prosecute the proper people. The road contractor is not liable in any shape or form. Sub-Sanitary officer McDonagh proved the service of the notice demanding the abolition of the nuisance, on the contractor, which was handed up to the Bench. Mr. Jones said the notice had not date, but he supposed Mr. Robinson would not raise any point on that. Mr. Robinson - I will raise every point I can. This is not a proper notice - "blank day of January". Mr. Odbert - In filling these notices, I leave the place blank for the sub-sanitary officer to put in the date when he serves them Mr. Jones - I should not have said anything about it, but if they raise the point I will dismiss the case. Mr. Robinson - I will raise the point. Mr. Jones - Is the place clean now? Mr. McDonagh - It is not. Mr. MacDermot - On what day did you serve this? Mr. McDonagh - I cannot exactly say. I forgot to fill in the date. Mr. Robinson - You are done. You have got another know out this time (laughter). Mr. Jones - First the notice is not dated, and secondly you do not know when you served it. Mr. MacDermot - If your worship had not mentioned it - Mr. Robinson - I am very much obliged to him for do so(laughter). Mr. MacDermot - Mr. Robinson will be raising points until some road contractor puts all the stuff outside his door (laughter). Mr. Robinson asked for a dismiss with costs. Mr. Odbert said on that day fortnight he brought this case before the County Surveyor, and told him that the defendant denied he was contractor. Mr. Mulvany said it was the duty of all contractors to remove the refuse matter from the surface of the road. Mr. Robinson - I am not prepared to accept Mr. Mulvany's law on the matter at all. He read out a great deal of bad law at the meeting of the District Council. Mr. McDonagh now said that he served the notice on the17th February, the same day as others (produced), which were dated Mr. Jones - What has Cryan to say? Mr. Robinson - Cryan will not say anything. Mr. Cryan was about addressing the bench. Mr. Robinson - Will you sit down out of that (laughter). Mr. Jones - We will adjourn it. Mr. Robinson - You cannot do that. I ask for a dismiss. Mr. Jones said when they came to a court of justice they were bound to go according to the procedure of law, and if an official serves a copy of a document, and says he does not know on what date he served it, and that something was not dated, it was, therefore absolutely useless. They would dismiss the case without prejudice.